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1860

  • Adelaide's first reservoir, Thorndon Park, supplies mains water to the city.
  • Fourteen ration stations operational in South Australia in the hope that the provision of food would discourage Aboriginal attacks on stock and settlers; draw Aboriginal communities to land unwanted by colonists and reduce them to a state of dependency. By 1867, 61 ration stations were working in SA.
  • The Select Committee of the Legislative Council into Aborigines in South Australia finds that 'all the evidence goes to prove that they have lost much, and gained little or nothing by their contact with Europeans'.
  • SA pastoralist Thomas Elder imports camels for use in the interior.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

David Unaipon was a writer, musician, inventor and preacher. He was born in 1872 and grew up at Raukkan (then the Point McLeay Mission) near Tailem Bend, south east of Adelaide. He features on the Australian fifty dollar note. 

Click to see more information about David Unaipon.

Daily ration book
Title : Daily ration book Daily ration book
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Creator : Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission
Source : SRG 698/2
Date of creation : 1883-1884
Format : Manuscript
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
Catalogue record
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Description :

Ration book giving names of families, including numbers of children, where living, and amount of rations (bread, flour, sugar, tea, rice and meat). 1 July 1883 - 30 September 1884.


This item is part of records of the Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission comprising two record books of births, baptisms, marriages,deaths, census records, vaccination lists and this daily ration book.

The Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission, on the northern end of the peninsula between Lake Alexandrina and Lake Albert, was founded in 1859 by the Aborigines' Friends' Association. This organisation had been formed on 31 August 1858. The first missionary agent was George Taplin who began his duties on 4 April 1859. The mission was taken over by the State Government in 1916. In 1982 the place name was changed from Point McLeay to Raukkan.

Related names :

Aborigines' Friends' Association

Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission

Taplin, George

Unaipon, David

Coverage year : c.1883
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Point Mcleay (Raukkan)
Region : Riverland and Murraylands
Further reading :

Guide to archival records held in the Mortlock Library of South Australiana relating to Aboriginal people, compiled by David Jury, Adelaide: The Library, 1989 [i.e. 1990].

Jenkin, Graham,Conquest of the Ngarrindjeri, Point McLeay, Raukkan Publishers, 1995, 2nd ed.

Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission (SRG 698). Records comprising two record books of births, baptisms, marriage and deaths, census records, vaccination lists and daily ration book, spanning 1857-1966, on Microfilm.

Taplin, George. The Narrinyeri : an account of the tribes of South Australian Aborigines, inhabiting the country around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and Coorong and the lower part of the River Murray: their manners and customs, also an account of the mission at Point Macleay. 2nd ed. rev. Adelaide: E.S. Wigg & Son, 1878.

Internet links :
Ngarrindjeri people, State Library of South Australia factsheets online

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