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1865

  • South Australia's Surveyor-General, George Woodroffe Goyder, surveys the State's north to define areas which received enough rain to support agriculture or livestock. This establishes 'Goyder's Line'-the areas to the north of the Line deemed to receive insufficient rain for farming.
  • By 1865, SA farms half of the land under wheat in Australia; Victoria takes this lead in late 1890s.
  • December: Bank of Adelaide established (merges with ANZ Bank in 1979).
  • The first 'Afghans' arrive in South Australia and transport goods on their camels through the Outback.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

George Taplin
Title : George Taplin George Taplin
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Creator : Anson & Francis, photographer
Source : Beaumont, Edith Gertrude, PRG 186/7/10/1
Date of creation : ca. 1865
Format : Photograph
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
Catalogue record
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Description :
George Taplin wanted to become a missionary from the time that he was a teenager. In 1859, after beginning training as a Congregational minister, he was accepted as a missionary with the Aborigines' Friends' Association. He wished to help redress the wrongs that he saw being done to indigenous people.

Taplin chose a traditional camping place on the shores of Lake Alexandrina as a mission site. This was known as Raukkan to the Aboriginal people but Point McLeay to the Europeans. In 1864 Taplin published some of the first Australian translations of Bible passages into an Aboriginal language (Ngarrindjeri). He recorded many of the customs and stories of the Ngarrindjeri and was greatly respected by them.

His fight for better conditions for indigenous people often brought him into conflict with those who wished to exploit them. George Taplin died in 1879, aged 47. His dedication to his work and subsequent overwork, contributed to his relatively early death.

Subjects
Related names :

Taplin, George, 1831-1879

Narrinyeri (Australian people)

Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission

Coverage year : 1865
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Raukkan (S. Aust.)
Region : Riverland and Murraylands
Further reading :
Aborigines' Friends' Association. Records, SRG 139

Bartlett, Clarence Edmund. A brief history of the Point McLeay Reserve and district, [Adelaide?]: Aborigines' Friends' Association, 1959

Beaumont, Edith Gertrude. Personal papers, PRG 186

Bury, Warren R. The foundation of the Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission [thesis], 1964

Jenkin, Graham. Conquest of the Ngarrindjeri, Point McLeay, S. Aust.: Raukkan Publishers, 1995

Jenkin, Graham. 'Taplin, George (1831-1879)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 6, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1976, pp.242-243

Mattingley, Christobel and Hampton, Ken, ed.s Survival in our own land: 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Adelaide, S. Aust.: Wakefield Press, 1988

Taplin, George. The Narrinyeri: an account of the tribes of South Australian Aborigines inhabiting the country around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and Coorong, and the lower part of the River Murray: their manners and customs, also an Account of the mission at Point McLeay, Adelaide: J.T. Shawyer, 1874

Internet links :
Australian Dictionary of Biography Online: Search for George Taplin

Ngarrindjeri People, State Library of South Australia, factsheets online


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