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1875

  • Compulsory, but not full-time, education established for 7-13 year olds in South Australia; parents required to pay school fees for their children.  State aid to non-government schools ends.
  • Ernest Giles expedition from Beltana, South Australia to Perth, Western Australia.
  • Adelaide Steamship Company Ltd founded to ship cargo and passengers between Adelaide and Melbourne; in following decades, Australian coastal services extended to northern Western Australia and Queensland-by 1896 had 21 ships in operation.
  • Kangaroo Island connected to Normanville by submarine cable.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

Adelaide Steamship Company operates new fast steamers
Title : Adelaide Steamship Company operates new fast steamers Adelaide Steamship Company operates new fast steamers
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Source : The Adelaide almanac and directory for South Australia, 1882, p. 43 of advertisements
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : Printed and published by J. Williams, Stationer
Date of creation : 1882
Format : Magazine
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

This Adelaide Steamship Company advertisement offers reduced fares for its new steamers, South Australian, Victorian and Aldinga. These operated on the coastal run to Melbourne. The ASC was an aggressive competitor as it fought for monopoly of South Australian coastal and inter colonial trade. It could not force all of its competitors out of business but it did engage in fierce cost cutting wars which it usually won.

Founded in 1875 the Adelaide Steamship Company (ASC) began operations with the steamship Flinders, which had originally been built for the Spencer's Gulf Steamship Company. Businessmen behind the Spencer's Gulf SS Company were also involved in the new Adelaide Steamship Company and following some manoeuvering by these stakeholders, Flinders was placed on the ASC's Melbourne run when she arrived from the builders. 

ASC continued to expand and bought South Australian and Victorian in 1876 and 1877. Almost identical in size at 716 and 718 tons, both ships could carry 100 passengers, had a cruising speed of 14 knots and used about 30 tons of coal a day. They were considered luxurious, speedy and efficient.

Subjects
Related names :

Adelaide Steamship Company

Coverage year : 1882
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Port Adelaide
Region : Adelaide metropolitan area
Further reading :

Page, Michael F. Fitted for the voyage: the Adelaide Steamship Company, 1875-1975 Adelaide: Rigby, 1975

Parsons, Ronald. Southern passages: a maritime history of South Australia Netley, S. Aust.: Wakefield Press, 1986

Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing exhibitions. Wooden Walls and Iron Sides August 2004-


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