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1877

  • Lutheran missionaries establish Hermannsburg Mission, south west of Alice Springs near the Finke River.
  • December: Telegraph link between Adelaide and Perth completed; all colonies now connected.
  • Catherine Helen Spence the first female member of a public board when appointed to the East Adelaide School Board of Advice.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

Hermannsburg Aboriginal Mission
Title : Hermannsburg Aboriginal Mission Hermannsburg Aboriginal Mission
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Creator : Strehlow, T., photographer
Source : B 42418
Date of creation : 1900
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 90 x 250 mm
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :
In 1877 the Lutheran church sent two pastors to establish a mission to the Aborigines on the Finke River in the centre of the Australian continent. After 14 years of struggling with heat, drought and sickness, the mission was temporarily abandoned in 1891. In 1894 Hermannsburg (as the mission was re-named) was revived with the arrival of an energetic young pastor, Carl Strehlow, his wife and other missionaries.

Strehlow came to be greatly respected by the Arrernte people, who named him 'Ingkata' ('chief'). He learned the Western Arrernte language, recorded the customs of the people and translated the New Testament first into Dieri, and later into Arrernte. The 1200 square miles of mission lands were worked as a cattle station and date plantation to provide a small income.

Strehlow died at Horseshoe Bend in 1922, after which the mission was run by the teacher, Adolph Heinrich, until Pastor F.W. Albrecht arrived in 1926. In 1982 control of the mission lands was returned to the traditional owners under the Aboriginal Land Rights Act.

Subjects
Related names :

Albrecht, F.W. (Friedrich Wilhelm), 1894-1984

Heinrich, Hermann Adolph

Strehlow, C. (Carl), 1871-1922

Arrernte

Diyari

Coverage year : ca. 1900
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Hermannsburg (NT); Finke River (NT)
Region : Northern Territory
Further reading :
Adams, Noel. Radio interview with Pastor FW Albrecht [sound recording], 1969, OH 26/30

Albrecht, FW. Personal papers, 1937-1974, PRG 868

Dear Mr Heinrich: Ntaria letters 1933-35 , Hermannsburg, N.T.: Ntaria School, 2002

Henson, Barbara. A straight-out man: FW Albrecht and Central Australian Aborigines, Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 1992

Lohe, M. Hermannsburg: a vision and a mission, Adelaide: Lutheran Publishing House, 1977

Lutheran Church of Australia. Exercise books of Hermannsburg schoolchildren in the Arrente language, c. 1890, SRG 3/10

Scherer, P.A. Hermannsburg chronicles, 1877-1933, Tanunda, S.A.: P.A. Scherer, 1995

Strehlow, C. (Carl) Personal papers, 1901-1922, PRG 1207

Strehlow, TGH. Journey to Horseshoe Bend, Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1969

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