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1878

  • 10 June: Horse-drawn tram system commences operation between Adelaide and Kensington.
  • Establishment of a railway between Kapunda and North-West Bend (now Morgan) to take advantage of River Murray steamboat trade.
  • Kapunda copper mine closed.
  • South Australia's population passes 250,000.
  • The Elephant and Castle Hotel, first built in 1849 slightly north of its present position on the corner of West Terrace and Gilbert Street, began it's reformation based on the architectural design of Thomas English.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

Elephant and Castle Hotel, West Terrace
Title : Elephant and Castle Hotel, West Terrace Elephant and Castle Hotel, West Terrace
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Source : Jackman Gooden Architects, BRG 238/1/171
Date of creation : 1878
Format : Architectural drawing
Dimensions : 595 x 595
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :
The Elephant and Castle Hotel was first built in 1849 slightly north of its present position on the corner of West Terrace and Gilbert Street. Thomas English, architect, created a design for a new building in the summer of 1878 and this was completed in 1879.
Built on one of the highest points in the city, the Elephant and Castle was one of the few hotels whose cellar was not affected by a flash flood which hit Adelaide in 1924.The hotel possessed a weighbridge on the site of the present bottle shop and merchandise weighed upon it included wood and charcoal from the forest workers at Yankalilla. The hotel was also used as a coroner's court.Sometime in the early 1970s this structure was modernised and the stonework was clad in fake brick and the balconies removed.

Thomas English arrived in South Australia in 1850. He was a builder-architect with Henry Brown and an architect with Roland Rees for three years. George Soward was born at Norwood and became Thomas English's partner in 1882. After Thomas' death in 1884 his son took over the partnership. Soward eventually withdrew from the partnership but the name was retained by Joseph English until it became English, Soward and Jackman in 1925. This company then evolved intoJackman Gooden Architects.

Subjects
Related names :

Elephant and Castle Hotel (West Terrace, Adelaide, S. Aust.)

Coverage year : 1878
Place : West Terrace (Adelaide: S. Aust.)
Region : Adelaide city
Further reading :
Heritage of the city of Adelaide: an illustrated guide Adelaide: Corporation of the City of Adelaide, 1990
The Adelaide pub, 1837-1900 Adelaide: South Australian Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Building, 1968
Newnham, W. H. Old Adelaide hotels sketchbook Adelaide: Rigby, 1971
Hoad, J. L Hotels and publicans in South Australia 1836-1984 Adelaide: Australian Hotels Association (South Australian Branch): Gould Books, 1986
McLellan, J. Adelaide's early inns and taverns : incidents in the early settlement of a country worth fighting for Adelaide, [S. Aust.]: Pioneers' Association of South Australia, 1941
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. From the ground up August 2004-


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