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1851

  • Fourteen year Pastoral Leases replace annual occupation licences in South Australia. The leases can be cancelled at six months' notice if the government wants to sell the land.
  • By mid 1850s, pastoral leases extend to northern Flinders Ranges, with some located at tips of Yorke and Eyre Peninsulas. Almost half the colony's population settled in Adelaide city and nearby Adelaide Plains.
  • JE Seppelt establishes a vineyard near Tanunda.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

Wine production featured post 1844. Walter Duffield made what was possibly the first South Australian wine. German-born Johann Gramp established the first commercial winery in the Barossa Valley at Jacob's Creek and Joseph Gilbert started Pewsey Vale winery in the neighbouring Eden Valley. By 1851 JE Seppelt had established his vineyard near Tanunda. 1846 saw explorers move further with John Horrocks traveling north from his station near Clare by camel, with artist ST Gill and party. In 1849 and the Beehive corner was established as a drapery store and by the mid 1850s, pastoral leases extended to the northern Flinders Ranges, with some located at tips of Yorke and Eyre Peninsulas, and almost half the colony's population had settled in Adelaide city and nearby Adelaide Plains.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1800-1851, Key events and issues

For more information about pastoral leases see The Foundation of South Australia: S.A. Northern Pioneers.

Tracing of sections in the Hundreds of Nuriootpa, Moorooroo and North Rhine (part) [South Australia Company map]
Title : Tracing of sections in the Hundreds of Nuriootpa, Moorooroo and North Rhine (part) [South Australia Company map] Tracing of sections in the Hundreds of Nuriootpa, Moorooroo and North Rhine (part) [South Australia Company map]
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Source : BRG 42/119/54
Date of creation : nd
Format : Map
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

Tracing of map showing sections in the north-east of the Hundred of Nuriootpa, the central area across the Hundred of Moorooroo, and its boundary with the Hundred of North Rhine (part only). Some sections, including those for the township of Angaston in the centre of the map, have not been drawn in. Natural features shown are German Pass, Stone Chimney Creek, Kaiserstahl [sic], Tanunda Creek and Mount Despond. Ink and watercolour on paper. Numbered 4) in top left hand corner.


The records of the South Australian Company deposited with the State Library of South Australia, Archival collections (BRG 42 or Business Record Group 42) promise to provide historians and researchers with a most useful perspective of the early development of an Australian colonial economy. Besides making a significant contribution to the founding and fashioning of the new settlement of South Australia, The South Australian Company continued to play and important part in the commercial affairs of Adelaide and its surrounding regions for more than a century. As such the volume of material contained in the record group is quite substantial, comprising some fifty major separate series of records occupying in all some nineteen metres of repository shelving. Most of the papers were deposited in the Archival collections in 1937-1938 and came from both the London and Adelaide Offices of the Company. The collection contains some 150 maps of company lands in South Australia.

Subjects
Related names :

Moorooroo, Hundred of (S. Aust.)
Nuriootpa, Hundred of (S. Aust.)
North Rhine, Hundred of (S. Aust.)

Coverage year : no date, c.1850
Period : 1836-1851,1852-1883
Place : Tanunda, Nuriootpa
Region : Barossa,Mid North
Further reading :

Australian dictionary of biography. Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press; London; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1966-. Vol. 1, pp.15-18: George Fife Angas; vol. 1, pp. 443-444: William Giles; vol. 2, pp. 176-177: David McLaren; vol. 2, p. 481: Samuel Stephens.

Capper, Henry. South Australia: containing hints to emigrants, proceedings of the South Australian Company, a variety of useful and authentic information, a map of the eastern coast of Gulf St. Vincent, and a plan of Adelaide. 2nd ed., considerably augmented. London: Robert Tyas, 1838.

Hodder, Edwin. George Fife Angas, father and founder of South Australia. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1891.

Perkins, Arthur James. South Australia; an agricultural and pastoral state in the making: first decade, 1836-46. Adelaide: Govt. Pr., 1939.

Pike, Douglas. Paradise of dissent: South Australia 1829-1857. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1967. pp.196-220, ch. 9: 'The South Australian Company.'

Price, Archibald Grenfell. Founders & pioneers of South Australia: life studies of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, Charles Sturt, George Fife Angas, Sir John Hindmarsh, William Light, George Gawler, David McLaren, Augustus Kavel, and Francis Cadell; with illustrations & maps. Adelaide: Preece, 1929.

Diamond, Arthur Ian, Problems in the South Australian Company's Settlement of Kangaroo Island, Thesis [(B.A.(Hons.)) -- University of Adelaide, 1952?] [See also D 6215(T) for an index to the thesis].

Gee, Lionel C. E. (Lionel Carley Egremont) and Brown, H. Y. L. (Henry Yorke Lyell), Record of the Mines of South Australia, 4th edtion, Adelaide, 1908.

Sutherland, George, The South Australian Company; a study in colonization, London; New York: Longmans, Green, 1898.

Internet links :

SA Memory, Foundation of South Australia 1800-1851 South Australian Company: Series description

SA Memory, Foundation of South Australia 1800-1851 South Australian Company: Mapping

SA Memory, Foundation of South Australia 1800-1851 South Australian Company: History / biography

State Library of South Australia Library Guide: South Australian history: Mapping sources for SA history

State Library of South Australia Library Guide: South Australian history: South Australian Company


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