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1859

  • May: Aboriginal Mission established at Point McLeay (known to indigenous people as Raukkan; officially renamed Raukkan in 1982) on the shores of Lake Alexandrina by the Aborigines' Friends' Association.
  • July: SA Government offers £2,000 reward for first person to cross the continent south to north, towards finding a route for an overland telegraph line.
  • August: SS Admella hits reef near Carpenter Rocks, Cape Northumberland; rescue attempts over a week save 24 out of 113 on board.
  • December: Copper discovered on a property near Kadina called Walla-Waroo; mining begins at Wallaroo Mines in 1860.
  • Song of Australia wins the Gawler Institute's competition for a national song-words by Carolyn Carleton, music by Carl Linger; first public performance 12 December.
  • South Australian Institute begins circulating boxes of non-fiction books to remote parts of the colony.
  • Alfred Howitt expedition to search for pastoral land near Lake Eyre.

For more information see The Foundation of South Australia: 1852-1883, Key events and issues.

Point McLeay register
Title : Point McLeay register Point McLeay register
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Creator : Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission
Source : PRG 698/1/1
Date of creation : 1857-1966
Format : Manuscript
Dimensions : 340 x 220 x 35
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

In 1859 the Aborigines' Friends' Association established a mission on the shores of Lake Alexandrina in the country of the Ngarrindjeri people of the Lower Murray. George Taplin, the Congregational minister, was its first administrator. Taplin took a more enlightened attitude to the customs of the Aboriginal people than many Europeans, and recorded much of their language and customs. His dedication to this work contributed to his early death in 1879, aged 47.

The register kept by George Taplin began as a list of those connected with the mission 'by employment or instruction'. It records the names of many of the people who are also referred to in Taplin's journals. Names well-known in the Aboriginal community - including Unaipon, Sumner, Gollan, Tripp and Rankine - appear in the register.

Subjects
Related names :

Gollan family

Rankine family

Sumner family

Taplin, George, 1831-1879

Tripp family

Unaipon family

Ngarrindjeri (Australian people)

Aborigines' Friends' Association (Adelaide, S. Aust.)

Coverage year : c.1857-
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Point McLeay (S. Aust.)
Region : Riverland and Murraylands
Further reading :

Aborigines' Friends' Association. Society records, SRG 139

'The Aboriginal Mission Station at Point MacLeay' [sic],Adelaide observer, 9 January 1904, p. 26

Beaumont, Edith Gertrude. Personal papers, PRG 186

Bury, Warren R. The foundation of the Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission [thesis], 1964

Jenkin, Graham. Conquest of the Ngarrindjeri, Point McLeay, S. Aust.: Raukkan Publishers, [1995]

Mattingley, Christobel and Hampton, David, ed.s Survival in our own land: 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Adelaide, S. Aust.: Wakefield Press, 1988

Taplin, George. The Narrinyeri: an account of the tribes of South Australian Aborigines inhabiting the country around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert and Coorong, and the lower part of the River Murray: their manners and customs, also an account of the mission at Point McLeay, Adelaide: J.T. Shawyer, 1874

Internet links :
Aboriginal Australia, State Library of South Australia, State Library of South Australia LibGuide

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