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1871

  • Qualified rabbi, the Rev Abraham Boas, was appointed to Adelaide.  
  • South Australia becomes the first colony to allow a man to marry his deceased wife's sister; other colonies pass similar legislation throughout the 1870s.
  • Adelaide's first pie cart was established.
  • Shortages of labour due to the Victorian gold rush from 1851, the creation of responsible government which increased representation in 1857, the British Trade Union Act of 1871 and the 8 hour day campaign all contributed to a climate that fostered the Trade Union movement and the Trade Union Act of 1876. South Australia became the first territory of the empire outside Britain to legalise trade unions. See SA Memory, Radical dream, Union Movement.
Adelaide Synagogue
Title : Adelaide Synagogue Adelaide Synagogue
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Date of creation : ca. 1871
Format : Photograph
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :
The first Hebrew services in Adelaide were held in hired rooms in the city, and in the home of Burnett Nathan in Currie Street. At a meeting held in Emanuel Solomon's 'Temple Tavern' in 1848, it was decided to begin collecting money to build a synagogue. The first synagogue in Rundle Street was completed in 1850, but it was not until 1870 that a qualified rabbi, the Rev Abraham Boas, was appointed to Adelaide. The following year, with rapid growth in the local Jewish population, Rabbi Boas officiated at the consecration of a new, larger synagogue built on the western side of the original building. The architects of the new building were Messrs Wright, Wood and Hamilton. In 1896 a row of shops was built in front of the synagogue, facing Rundle Street.
Subjects
Related names :

Boas, Abraham Tobias, 1842-1923

Burnett, Nathan

Solomon, Emanuel, 1800-1873

Adelaide Hebrew Congregation

Wright, Woods and Hamilton

Coverage year : 1871
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Rundle Street (Adelaide, S. Aust.)
Region : Adelaide city
Further reading :

'A Jewish congregation', Adelaide times, 2 October 1848, p. 2

Adelaide Hebrew Congregation, Society records, 1843-1955, SRG 162

'Adelaide Hebrew synagogue: ancient and conservative theology,' Register, 30 June 1923, p. 14

'Adelaide synagogue', South Australian register, 25 January 1896, p. 29

'Consecration of the first Jewish synagogue in South Australia,' South Australian register, 5 September 1850, p. 2

Hyams, Bernard. 'Establishing a congregation: the Jewish community of South Australia 1836-1870', Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia, no. 22 (1994), pp. 32-48

Munz, Hirsch. Jews in South Australia, 1836-1936: an historical outline, [Adelaide: Thornquest Press, 1936]

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