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A stormy night in the bush
Title : A stormy night in the bush A stormy night in the bush
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Creator : Henderson, James
Source : B 2434/33
Date of creation : 1843
Format : Artwork
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Explorers' campsite during a storm at night, sketched during the 1843 expedition with Capt. EC Frome to the area north of the Flinders Ranges. The location is not specified in Henderson's journal.

Born in Scotland, James Henderson came out to Australia for health reasons, travelling with a party of Royal Engineers under EC Frome. He was engaged in numerous surveys, particularly around Lake Alexandrina and the north-west bend of the Murray River. During this time he developed a reputation as an artist. In 1841 he transferred to the Public Works Department  where he remained until returning to England in 1851. He was a member of Frome's Expedition to Lake Frome, 8 July to 29 April 1843 and a journal (D 7504 L) and sketchbook (B 2434) of 42 drawings.

Captain Edward Charles Frome, Royal Engineer, arrived in South Australia in September 1839 to take up the task of surveying South Australia. The country blocks were his immediate priority. This was a task that the first Surveyor-General, William Light had been unable to complete because of interference from London. Frome had a difficult task as the colonists were demanding land. He had to redo work that had been inadequately marked by George Kingston, Light's second-in-command, and also had to undertake the commencement of the Special Surveys of very large country blocks. By 1841 Frome had laid out roads and secondary towns and taken accurate trigonometrical surveys to the edge of settlement. Frome returned to England in 1849. He retired in 1877 with the rank of General.

Related names :

Frome, Edward, Charles, 1802-1890

Henderson, James, 1821-1903

Coverage year : 1843
Period : 1836-1851
Place : South Australia
Region : Mid North,Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :

Anderson, J. M. Introduction to surveying New York: McGraw-Hill, c1985

Auhl, Ian Journey to Lake Frome 1843 : paintings and sketches by Edward Charles Frome and James Henderson Blackwood, S.A. : Lynton Publications, [1977?]

Newland, B. C Edward Charles Frome  Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australian Branch, vol. 63 (1962), p. 51-71

Porter, J. R. The priceless gift - an ordered land: a brief history of the early surveying of South Australia Adelaide?: Institution of Surveyors?, 1986?

South Australia. Survey Dept Field service: handbook for government surveyors compiled by C. H. Harris Adelaide: Govt. Printer, 1914

Internet links :


Australian Dictionary of biography online: Frome, Edward Charles (1802-1890)

SA Memory, Taking it to the edge Objects of exploration

SA Memory, Foundation of South Australia 1800-1851 Surveyors



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