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SA Newspapers : Pen names of South Australian journalists and cartoonists

Known pen names of South Australian cartoonists and journalists.

Ab Original - James Sadler (1860-1935). His often statirical/political poems were published in various Adelaide newspapers during 1880s and 1890s, including the Adelaide observer. From 1885-1891 he joined Hugh Kalyptus in his 'Echoes and re-echoes' column in the Observer. From 1899 London correspondent for the South Australian register

A.C. - Alfred Clint (1843-1924) Cartoonist in the Mirror 1873, Illustrated Adelaide news 1875-, Lantern.

A.E. - Arthur Esam. Cartoonist in Adelaide Punch, 1880-1882, work also published in the Lantern in the 1880s. The State Library holds two water colour paintings by Esam:Horse team and wagon 1887; Cobb & Co coach 1895.

A.G.B. - A.G. Ball. Poems published in Northern star, Kapunda 1860s, possibly Adam Gustav Ball?

A Scribbler - William Sowden. Journalist and editor. Wrote a column of political commentary for the Register, 'Echoes from the smoking room by A. Scribbler' between 1882 and 1891.

Atchison - Michael Atchison (1933-2009). Teacher and cartoonist. Political cartoonist at the Advertiser from 1968-2008

Atha - Frank Atha Westbury (1843-1901). Prolific contributor of serials to Australian and New Zealand newspapers. From 1882 his serials appear in Frearson's weekly illustrated and Frearson's monthly, and later in the Pictorial Australian.

Aunt Dorothy - The identity of the original Aunt Dorothy has not so far been discovered. This was the pen name used by the editor of the Chronicle children's pages from August 1895, until the newspaper ceased in 1975. From 1970 Aunt Dorothy was Alison Dolling, who was also editor of the women's pages of the Chronicle under the name 'Mary Broughton.'

Aunt Tabitha - Alice Grant Rosman. Journalist and novelist. Her women's column under the name Aunt Tabitha in the Gadfly (1906-1909) was largely satirical.

Austral - A popular pen-name. In 1901 collected verse by Mrs James Glenroy Wilson of New Zealand was published by Elliot Stock. The Register 'Review of books' column noted that Mrs Wilson's verse had been published in various Australian magazines.

Autolycus - Ernest Whitington (1873-1934). Whitington initially used this pen-name when he took over the 'Man in the street' column in the Register and Observer in January 1929. After only three weeks he changed the column title to 'Out among the people' and his pen name to 'Rufus.'

Barbour, Eleanor - Dorothy Dolling (1897-1967). Prominent early member of the Country Women's Association and women's pages writer. From April 1937 until December 1966 Mrs Dolling was editor of the women's pages of the Chronicle. She had previously written for a short time for the Advertiser (the Chronicle's parent newspaper) as 'Marian March.' She was particularly interested in history and encouraged readers of her pages to forward articles about South Australian history. This was continued under her relative Alison Dolling, who took over the column in December 1966, and wrote as 'Mary Broughton.'

Beetee - Alys Truman (d. 1960). Writer for the Advertiser, Express, Journal and Chronicle. Her contributions to the Chronicle included brief stints editting the women's pages, and in her last years she compiled the 'Answers to correspondents.'

Broughton, Mary - Alison Dolling (1917-2006). Teacher and journalist. Alison Dolling edited the women's pages of the Chronicle from December 1966 until the newspaper closed in 1975.

Cerberus - John Eden Savill. Cartoonist at Portonian 1871-1879, Illustrated Adelaide news 1875-.

Cipher - Oswald Pryor. Prolific cartoonist, best known for his Cousin Jack cartoons. His earliest work appears as 'Cipher' in Quiz 1901 and Gadfly 1907. Later contributed work under his own name to the Bulletin, the Workers weekly herald, and other newspapers and journals, often by arrangement with the Bulletin, including the Areas express (1929) and Kapunda herald (1930).

Cosmopolite - George Loyau (1835-1898). Journalist at various newspapers in Queensland, Victoria, Sydney, and South Australia. As editor of the Gawler Bunyip in 1878-1880 he used the names 'Cosmopolite' and 'Roundabout'.

Crabthorne, Geoffrey - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Editor and part-owner of the South Australian register, 1870 - 1878. 'Echoes from the bush by Geoffrey Crabthorne' was a weekly satirical column of political and social comment in the Register and Observer. Spencer John Skipper was also said to have been involved in writing this column. (See 'Death of Spencer John Skipper,' Adelaide observer, 12 September 1903, p. 25) The column continued for some years afterwards in a less humourous vein, as 'Echoes and re-echoes.' The Portonian ridiculed the column by referring to 'Geoffrey Boobythorne.'

Credo - F.M. Cutlack. Journalist at the South Australian register, compiled the 'Literary Canserie' column in  the newspaper under this name until 1908. (Renmark pioneer, 28 August 1908, p. 2)

Duncan, Lindsay - Mrs Cloud of Wallaroo, contributed poetry to the Observer. ("Poetry of pioneer days", Advertiser, 14 March 1936, p. 10.)

E.D. - E. Dale. Cartoonist in Adelaide Punch 1883.

E.S. - Eliza Hartland Strawbridge (d. 1916). Wife of W.P. Auld, had many poems published in the Observer miscellany in the 1870s.

Ellie - Ellen Elizabeth Debney (nee Turner) (1833-1870). Two published collections of poems, as well as contributions to such periodicals as the Thursday review, Adelaide musical herald, Adelaide miscellany and Farm and garden.

Frances - Emma Frances Anderson (nee Baker) (1843?-) Daughter of the Rev. Edward Baker of Morphett Vale, and married to William Anderson, Emma wrote poetry for various periodicals, and her work was published in the collection Colonial poems, in 1869. Following her marriage she lived in Mauritius.

G.B.W. - George Blakiston Wilkinson (1817-1888). Farmer and writer. Contributed historical articles to the Adelaide observer and Observer miscellany in the 1870s and 1880s, including, 'Whale-fishing in the early days of South Australia,' (Observer miscellany, 20 September 1879, p. 593-597) and 'Yarns on olden times' (Observer, 3 January 1880, p. 33).

G.M. - George Matthews. Policeman stationed at Clarendon, Victor Harbour and Brighton in the 1890s and 1900s who wrote serial stories for the Southern argus between 1897 and 1907. The stories follow a standard pattern in which a young Englishman loses his fortune, gose to sea (usually heading for Australia), is shipwrecked, finds treasure on a tropical island, returns to England as a kindly landlord, and marries. Later Matthews substituted tropical islands for the Australian bush. His last story published in the Argus in October 1907 was set in the future, describing a Japanese invasion of Australia being fought off at Goolwa.

Gambier - Charles Holloway (1882-1954) Journalist. Joined the Advertiser in 1907 and later became assistant to the turf writer ('Tatiara', Mart Hocking) who he took over from in 1927.

Gardener - Carl Thybell. Gardener to the Barr Smith family. Thybell wrote as 'Gardener' for the Garden and Field newspaper.

Gleaner - G. Arch Grosvenor. Compiled a column, 'Gleanings' in the Victor Harbour times from February 1933 until he left in March 1938, to join the Murray Pioneer. In his retirement he was Bowls editor for the Advertiser.

Hugh Kalyptus - Spencer John Skipper (1848-1903). Contributor to Pasquin, Portonian 1871-. From 1884-1890 he composed the 'Echoes and re-echoes' column in the South Australian register, Evening journal, Adelaide observer. This was a column of political satire, first written by Geoffrey Crabthorne (John Howard Clark) and often including satirical poetry. Hugh Kalyptus was joined by Ab-Original (James Sadler) in 1885.

J.B. Jeffrey Bruer. Cartoonist in Lantern 1889-, Quilp, Critic 1897. Later he appears to have been a piano and organ tuner based at Rose Park.

JH - John Hood (1839?-1924). Cartoonist in Illustrated Adelaide news 1876-, Pictorial Australian and Lantern 1877-1885.

JHC - John Henry Chinner (1865-1933). A prolific part-time cartoonist and full-time manager of an insurance firm. His work appeared in a wide range of publications, including, Lantern 1880s, Quiz 1890-, Critic 1898-, Express and telegraph, Saturday Journal, Bulletin (Sydney), Punch (London), Australian Christian Commonwealth, Observer. His illustrations also appear in the 1913 edition of Simpson Newland's novel, Paving the way.

J.R.A. - Julian Rossi Ashton (1851-1942). Brought to Australia by David Syme to work as an illustrator at the Illustrated Australian news, 1878. Illustrated Adelaide news 1879 includes two drawings by Ashton depicting Adelaide scenes.

J.W.E. - Joseph William Elliott (1859-1939). Son of Joseph Elliott of the Southern argus. From 1881 his poems were published in his father's newspaper under his initials, with many appearing during the period 1890 to 1896. Later Elliott wrote a colum 'Jottings by J.W.E.' in the Argus, mostly containing reminscences of Strathalbyn and newspaper printing history.

Hood - John Hood (1839?-1924). Cartoonist in Illustrated Adelaide news 1876-, Pictorial Australian and Lantern 1877-1885.

Kangaroo - A.W. Hill. Assistant sporting editor at the Advertiser in the 1880s, until leaving for London.

Kyra Keith - Elizabeth Kirkham (1853-1901). Elizabeth Kirkham (nee Bayly) was married to a farmer at Ashbourne. Four serial stories were published in the local newspaper, the Southern argus, from October 1899, with the last one appearing in 1901, after her death.

Lady Kitty - This name was used by various journalists writing social notes for the Adelaide observer and the Register from the 1880s until both newspapers closed in 1931. Lady Kitty also wrote a column for the Critic. In 1905 Thistle Anderson in Arcadian Adelaide, stated that the 'lesser animals' of Adelaide, "comprise chiefly mosquitoes, cockroaches, flies, rats, and Lady Kitty." (p. 53) Kathleen McKain (nee Mendell) wife of Alfred McKain, editor of the Critic, was an early Lady Kitty. (Advertiser, 14 February 1956, p. 3) In the 1930s, when the column was continued in the Chronicle, Elizabeth McKain was Lady Kitty.

Laicus - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Editor and part-owner of the South Australian register, 1870 - 1878. Clark previously contributed poetry to Henry Hussey's Christian advocate under the name Laicus.

M.C. - Catherine Martin (nee Mackay) (c. 1847-1937). Writer and poet. Catherine Martin first submitted poems and serial stories to the Mount Gambier standard as a teenager. Moving to Adelaide in 1876, her novel 'The moated grange' was serialised in the South Australian chronicle. Over the next 20 years she had poems and serial stories published in the Adelaide observer, the Observer miscellany and the Evening Journal, as well as in the Melbourne Age.

Madam Wu - Ethel Cooper (1888-1970). 'Madame Wu's replies: will your wish come true?' was the title of three pages of psychic replies to readers' requests, written by Ethel Cooper in the Observer shortly before that newspaper closed in 1931. Madame Wu gave individual predictions for those who wrote to her column. When the Register and Observer were taken over by the Advertiser in 1931, Madame Wu compiled the women's pages of the Chronicle until 1937.

Magpie - Winifred Scott (1866-1950). Winifred Scott wrote for the women's pages of the Adelaide observer from 1896 until the newspaper closed in 1931, under the title 'Chatter.' From 1898 she also contributed to the children's column in the Observer, with the 'Sunbeam Bookshelf.' Her articles also appeared in the Register from 1928 to 1931.

March, Marian - Dorothy Dolling (1897-1967). Prominent early member of the Country Women's Association and women's pages writer. Mrs Dolling began writing for the Advertiser as 'Marian March' in 1936. The following year she began her long-running women's pages in the Chronicle, under the name 'Eleanor Barbour.'

Mentor - Frank W. Davis. Established newspaper on the Victorian goldfields, then sub-editor of the Ballarat Courier. Sporting editor and dramatic critic at the Advertiser for a long period.

Mitchell - Norm Mitchell (died 1980). Cartoonist at Smith's weekly 1935, and at the Adelaide News from 1950.

Nemo - Frances Sescadorowna Susannah Lewin (Mrs A. Somerville) 'Sesca' (1861-1946). Teacher and poet. Won prizes with the SA Literary Societies' Union for poems in 1884, 1885 and 1888. Her poems and short stories appeared in various newspapers including the Mount Barker courier (1889).

Old Colonist - Thomas Wilson (1787-1863). Lawyer, journalist. In 1851 a series of articles published in the South Australian register by 'Old Colonist' described his travels around South Australia, with details of the early progress of agriculture and settlement, and mentioned by name many of the people he met. The full collection of articles was published in 1970 as Colonists, copper and corn in the colony of South Australia 1850-1851.

ORC - Oswald Rose Campbell (1820-1887). Chief cartoonist at Sydney Punch 1864-1865. His work also appeared in Melbourne Punch 1865-1867, and Illustrated Australian news 1867-1876, Illustrated Adelaide news 1880.

P.W. - Percy Whitington. Contributed articles about local history to the Murray Valley standard 1952-1957.

Pencil - William Sowden (1858-1943). Sowden, later Sir William Sowden, was using the pen-name of 'Pencil' when writing as city correspondent for the Kapunda herald in 1905. Sowden rose to become editor of the Register.

Pendragon, A. - George Isaacs (died 1876). Pendragon's articles appear in various newspapers of the 1860s, including Bell's life in Adelaide and sporting chronicle, Adelaide observer, and Pasquin. He also published a magazine, Number one, which lasted for only one issue, but which he followed by producing the Critic for two years. Isaacs wrote poems and plays, many of his burlesques were performed in Adelaide and Melbourne in the 1860s. His poem, 'The Myrtle' was set to music. He wrote at least one novel, The queen of the south, set on the Victorian gold diggings.

Penstone - Tom Caleb Dalwood (died 1909). Cartoonist at Adelaide Punch 1878-1880, Illustrated Adelaide news 1879-, Lantern 1883-1884 Frearson's monthly illustrated Adelaide news, Frearson's weekly illustrated.

Phaeton - Martin C. Hocking. Literary writer for the Advertiser from 1870s, from the 1880s he wrote on sporting topics, beginning with 'Rowing notes' in 1886. From 1893 he wrote a horse racing column as 'Tatiara'. At this time he was also writing a column for the Sydney Referee and Sunday times, as well as contributing articles to Western Australian newspapers.

Phineas - Augustus Baker Peirce. Cartoonist at the Lantern, 1870s

Pleeceman X - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Wrote verse for the South Australian register in the 1850s before joining the staff in 1865, after which he used the pen name 'Geoffrey Crabthorne.' Clearly the name was also used by another journalist, as it appears in the 'Echoes and re-echoes column begun by Clark in 1884. (Observer, 1 November 1884, p. 25)

Pryor, Oswald - see Cipher

Pyndar - W.P. Willis. Cartoons appear in the Portonian 1878-1879.

Quayle - Jack Quayle (died 1982). Cartoonist. Born in Hobart, worked first in Sydney, then in Adelaide at the Advertiser from the mid 1930s until about 1947, when he returned to Sydney.

R.B. - Robert Bruce (1835-1908). Pastoralist of Coondambo Station, Bruce was a prolific poet, and also wrote a novel describing 1850s pioneer life. His poems appeared in Observer miscellany and its parent newspape, the Adelaide observer in the 1870s.

Rex - Reginald Kyffin Thomas (1881-1914) Journalist at the Register.

Rigby - Paul Rigby (1924-2006). Cartoonist. Began work at the West Australian in 1948, and in 1952 transferred to the Perth Daily News. Between 1960 and 1969 he won five Walkley Awards for his work. During this period Rigby's cartoons also appeared in the Adelaide News. He moved to Sydney and then London in 1969, returning to Sydney to the Daily telegraph in 1974, and then went to work for the New York Post.

Roundabout - George Loyau (1835-1898). Journalist at various newspapers in Queensland, Victoria, Sydney, and South Australia. As editor of the Gawler Bunyip in 1878-1880 he used the names 'Cosmopolite' and 'Roundabout'.

Rufus - (1.) William S. Whitington. Contributor to Pasquin; (2.) His grandson, Ernest Whitington (1873-1934). Journalist at the South Australian register 1891-1931 and later at the Advertiser. In 1929 Whitington took over the 'Man in the street' column, begun in the Register and Observer, in 1924, and edited by 'Qui Vivre.' Initially calling himself 'Autolycus,' the column was re-named 'Around the city.' Whitington changed his pen name to 'Rufus' in January 1929, and the column then became 'Out among the people.' It became extremely popular, and was to run - both under Whitington and his successor, Maurice Fisher - until the 1960s. The column appeared daily in the Register, with a longer version in the weekly Observer. In 1931 when the Register and Observer were taken over by the Advertiser, the column was continued in that newspaper and in its weekly Chronicle. Whitington compiled the column until his death in April 1934.

Short, Timothy - Nathaniel Hailes (1802-1879). Contributed satirical work in the Southern Australian 1839, and other early Adelaide newspapers.

Sirius - George Abraham Westrand Wilson (c.1852-1893) Teacher. Chess player and chess editor at the Bunyip and the South Australian Chronicle, writing as 'Sirius'. Also contributed to the Adelaide observer and the Australasian. Was puzzle editor of the Education Department publication, the Children's hour. (South Australian register, 7 August 1893, p. 6)

Smiler - Alfred Arthur Greenwood Hales. Journalist, war correspondent, detective novelist. First ran the Standard from about 1893, then involved with his brothers James and Frederick in the Mining review 1896. Working at Coolgardie 1897. War correspondent during Boer War (1899-1902) and First World War (1914-1918).

Stockman, John - Bertram Jennings Mettam (1919-2010). Policeman turned saddler, columnist for Hoofs and horns magazine.

Stroller - Maurice Parish. Owner of the Murray Valley standard, Parish wrote the 'Mingling with a multitude' column using this open name 1947-1950.

Swan, Heron - Henry Morgan Hawkes (d. 1900). Contributed stories to Observer miscellany in the 1870s.

T.C. - Tom Carrington (1843-1918). Artist and cartoonist. Began working for Melbourne Punch in 1866. He also worked for the Australasian sketcher and the Melbourne Argus. His work was reprinted in South Australian publications including early issues of Adelaide Punch.

Tarquin - WB Carr (1861-). Began work at the Register in April 1876 as a hansard reporter. He became sporting editor using the name 'Tarquin,' from 1893, following the resignation of 'Trumpator' (W. Moxom Cook).

Tatiara - Martin Charles 'Mart' Hocking (c.1858-1927) Journalist. Joined the South Australian advertiser in the 1870s and began wriitng a rowing column as 'Phaeton' in 1886. Reported on horse racing under the pen name 'Tatiara' from 1893. ('Obituary', Register, 7 January 1927, p. 8)

Terlinga - see Trumpator.

Tommy Rough - John A. Northmore (d. 1891). Name appearing in letters to the editor of the Register in the 1870s, used by draper of a well known firm, who wrote to the press about various issues, and at one time published his own newspaper, the Traders courier and freelance.

Trumpator - William Moxon Cook (1857-1917). Journalist. Joined the Register at the age of 13, under the editorship of his uncle, John Howard Clark. After leaving to work for the Central Road Board for a time, returned and later took over as sporting editor from D.M. Magill from 1883 to1892. He then spent 25 years as sporting editor of the Australasian, Melbourne, writing as 'Terlinga'. He also wrote for the Argus. ('Death of Mr W.M. Cook: prominent sporting writer', Register, 21 December 1917, p. 6)

Twinkler - Frederick J Mills. In 1916 Mills was the first editor of the South Australian Cheer Up Society magazine, R.S.A. magazine. He wrote books of humour to raise funds for both the Cheer Up Society (during the First World War) and later the Boy Scouts' Association. With the advent of radio, he founded the Twinkler Club, the first radio boys' club in Australia. It is unknown whether he published articles in newspapers. Collections of his humour were appearing in book form for over 20 years.

Ulysses - Duncan Moodie (c.1841-1891). Editor of the Portonian, articles in Adelaide observer 1880.

Uncle Harry - David H. Bottrill. Postal clerk and journalist. Bottrill began an immensely popular children's 'mailbag' column, the Sunbeam Society in the Adelaide observer newspaper in July 1894. The column also ran in the Evening journal. The column ran until 1909. One of his assistants was Winifred Scott, who years later, in the 1920s, revived the Sunbeam Society in the Register, where it evolved into the 'Sunbeams' children's comic page with Ginger Meggs, the title which was later being used for the Sunday Mail children's pages.

Valdman - Jos Valdman. Cartoonist. Replaced retired cartoonist Michael Aitchison at the Advertiser in June 2008.

Vid - H.C.H. Cargill of the South Australian register and from c. 1880 editor of the Lantern.

Vigil - Abraham Hopkins Davis (died 1866). Merchant, horticulturalist, newspaper owner. Launched the newspaper Thursday review (1860-1861) when aged in his sixties, largely to promote his opposition to universal suffrage. The Thursday review was widely criticised by other newspapers for its esoteric and elitist ideas about voting rights. At one time Davis wrote letters to the newspapers under the name 'Vigil'.

Vox - Maurice Stephen Fisher (1887-1968). Journalist. Worked for the Chronicle and Advertiser, 1934-1962, and with other city newspapers in the 1900s. Fisher took over the popular 'Out among the people' column by 'Rufus' when its original author, Ernest Whitington, died in April 1934.

Vox Populi - Richard Penny, editor of the Adelaide examiner, 1840s.

Winifred the Washerwoman - Winifred Stegar (1882-1981). Author and traveller. Writer for the women's pages of the Observer from 1930 (under title, 'Stardust and soap bubbles') also later the Chronicle newspaper. Author of Life with Ali, describing travelling to Mecca with her Indian husband, and children, in 1927. Stories from her travels were often incorporated in her column.

WJK - William John Kennedy (1850-1894). Teacher, composer and cartoonist. Kennedy also used a stylised fish as his signature. Cartoons published in Adelaide Punch.

 

For cartoonists and other illustrators, see also the Dictionary of Australian artists online. Also, Australian literary pseudonyms: an index with selected New Zealand references/ compiled by Bruce Nesbitt and Susan Hadfield, Adelaide: Libararies Board of South Australia, 1972; and Austlit: the Australian literature resource website.


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