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Horrocks decides to use a camel : letter 8 September 1846
Title : Horrocks decides to use a camel : letter 8 September 1846 Horrocks decides to use a camel : letter 8 September 1846
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Creator : Horrocks, John Ainsworth, 1818-1846
Source : PRG 966/6
Date of creation : 1846
Format : Letter
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :
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John Ainsworth Horrocks offered to lead an expedition, funded by fellow colonists, to explore the country north of Spencer Gulf. He was looking for country suitable for farming or pastoralism. His expedition included Bernard Kilroy and Theakston, both workmen from his property, ST Gill an artist, to record the country, Mr Garlick, Jimmy Moorhouse an Aboriginal man, and a camel, considered to be the first in Australia.

Horrocks arrived in South Australia in March 1839, and purchased land 100 miles north of Adelaide. He established Hope Farm, and a village he called Penwortham after his old home in England. Matters did not go quite as planned, with sheep and cattle expensive to purchase and generally sold at a loss. He would not make his fortune as quickly as had been envisaged in England. He returned to England for two years after his father's death, to arrange financial matters for his mother, and on returning to South Australia found he had been defrauded by his agent. The expedition was an attempt to recoup his losses.

Related names :

Horrocks, John Ainsworth, 1818-1846

Coverage year : 1846
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Morphett, George C. John Ainsworth Horrocks Adelaide: Pioneers' Association of S.A., 1946
John Ainsworth Horrocks of Penwortham: explorer and pioneer Watervale, [S. Aust.]: Mt. Horrocks Historical Soc., [1986?] [Burra, S. Aust.?]: Burra Community Print)
Yarns and legends compiled by Geraldine Pearce [Watervale, S. Aust.]: Mt. Horrocks Historical Society, [1993]
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