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Emerald Spring discovered
Title : Emerald Spring discovered Emerald Spring discovered
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Creator : Babbage, Benjamin Herschel, 1815-1878
Source : Parliamentary paper (South Australia. Parliament); no. 151 of 1858, p. 9
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : Government Printer
Date of creation : 1858
Format : Magazine
Catalogue record
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Description :

BH Babbage was sent out with a large expedition, in 1858 by the South Australian government to survey the country to the north of Spencer Gulf. Eventually he was replaced by Peter Egerton Warburton because of the slowness of his work. In this passage Babbage describes his finding of Emerald Spring, the first of the series of mound springs discovered by him and others which would greatly assist exploration to the north, and future pastoralism. He also notes that from Hermit Hill he had an extensive view which led him to believe that Lake Torrens did not extend much beyond that point, and passage north was possible. Chambers Creek had been discovered in June 1858 by John McDouall Stuart and named by him for his sponsors the Chambers Brothers. Babbage however referred to it as Stuart's Creek. (It is now officially Stuart Creek.)Babbage refers to his discovery of a large salt lake that he named Lake Gregory. This is in fact Lake Eyre South.

At this time there were a number of expeditions in the field at the same time, the majority privately funded as pastoralists searched the country for new lands and water for their stock. Babbage refers to 'Swindon's Country' a tract of land discovered in 1857 by Thompson and Swinden, and to Stuart through the reference to Stuart's Creek. Stephen Hack had also been in the area, and Babbage was to be replaced with Warburton. The mound spring discovered by Babbage was only the first of many discovered in an arc to the south of Lake Eyre, and which would open up the area to pastoralism.
Related names :

Babbage, Benjamin Herschel, 1815-1878

Warburton, Peter Egerton, 1813-1889

Stuart, John McDouall, 1815-1866

Coverage year : 1858
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Gee, Philip A history of pastoralism in the Lake Eyre South drainage basin Adelaide: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia, 2000
Harris, Colin 'Oases in the desert', Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch), vol. 81, 1980-81, pp. 26-39
Natural history of the north east deserts edited by M.J. Tyler... [et al] [Adelaide, S. Aust.]: Royal Society of South Australia, 1990
Threadgill, Bessie South Australian land exploration, 1856 to 1880 Adelaide: Board of Governors of the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of South Australia, 1922
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State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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