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Burtt finds a path through the horseshoe lake
Title : Burtt finds a path through the horseshoe lake Burtt finds a path through the horseshoe lake
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Creator : Burtt, Alfred P.
Source : Parliamentary paper (South Australia. Parliament); no. 151 of 1858, p. 19
Date of creation : 1858
Format : Magazine
Catalogue record
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Description :

Burtt continued his search for Warburton's party. Fresh drinkable water was still difficult to find, and from 5 November 1858 he recorded that he could see no sign of the supposed lake after ascending several hills. He left directions to the nearest permanent water at a cairn he erected on Trooper's Hill on 4 November 1858. He also built a fire and used smoke signals to try and establish the location of Warburton's party. By 6 November he had actually crossed one of the many gaps that exist between South Australia's salt lakes, and which since 1840 had been considered to be one continuous horseshoe lake barring the road to the north.

In 1840 Edward John Eyre explored South Australia's northern regions looking for good pastoral lands. He encountered a series of salt lakes barring his passage in whichever direction he turned to the north-west, north or north-east. Heat haze and mirage lead him to believe that there was an extensive horseshoe shaped salt lake. Subsequent attempts tp travel to the north only appeared to confirm this, until in 1858, explorations by Benjamin Herschel Babbage, Corporal Burtt, Peter Egerton Warburton, Augustus Gregory and John McDouall Stuart all found paths through the horseshoe. The road to the north was opened and would be exploited by Stuart in particular as he searched for a route to the north coast of Australia, and following him, by the pastoral industry.
Related names :

Warburton, Peter Egerton, 1813-1889

Burtt, Alfred P.

Eyre, Edward John, 1815-1901

Coverage year : 1858
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Gee, Philip A history of pastoralism in the Lake Eyre South drainage basin Adelaide: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia, 2000
Threadgill, Bessie South Australian land exploration, 1856 to 1880 Adelaide: Board of Governors of the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of South Australia, 1922
Eyre, Edward John, Journals of expeditions of discovery into Central Australia, ... Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, 1964

John McDouall Stuart's explorations, 1858-1862: South Australian parliamentary papers 1858-1863 Adelaide: Friends of the State Library of South Australia, 2001

Black, E. C. 'The Lake Torrens hoodoo', Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch), vol. 64, 1963, pp. 43-50

Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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