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Goyder finds luxuriant grass and an extensive lake
Title : Goyder finds luxuriant grass and an extensive lake Goyder finds luxuriant grass and an extensive lake
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Creator : Goyder, G. W. (George Woodroffe), 1826-1898
Source : Parliamentary paper (South Australia. Parliament); no. 72 of 1857, p. 4
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : Government Printer
Date of creation : 1857
Format : Magazine
Catalogue record
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Description :

Assistant Surveyor-General George W Goyder explored the country north of Mount Serle in May 1857. In latitude 29 degrees he found flowing creeks, a large lake of fresh water and luxuriant grasses. From the adjacent hills he saw well grassed valleys and lagoons of fresh water. He also reported on the effects of mirage the expedition experienced, with apparent large trees actually being bushes. Goyder further recommended that a boat be placed on the lake for further exploration, and that a chain of wells could be sunk commencing at Port Augusta.

George Goyder was Assistant Surveyor General from January 1857 until he became Surveyor General in 1861, a position he held until his retirement in June 1894. He is best known for his Line of Rainfall, generally known as Goyder's Line, which distinguishes land suited for agricultural puposes from those more marginal lands suited for pastoralism. Goyder in his exploration of 1857 had been seriously misled by the effects of some rainfall in the inland and had confused temporary flood and fleeting ephemeral grasses, with permanent water, as Surveyor General Arthur Freeling pointed out to him after his own later investigation of the region. While Goyder had recognised some appearances of water for mirage, he had been fooled on other occasions. It was a lesson he learned well.
Related names :

Freeling, A. H. (Arthur Henry), 1820-1885

Goyder, G. W. (George Woodroffe), 1826-1898

Coverage year : 1857
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Williams, Michael George Woodroofe Goyder: a practical geographer Adelaide, [S. Aust.]: Salisbury C.A.E., [1982?]
Meinig, D. W. On the margins of the good earth: the South Australian wheat frontier, 1869-1884 Adelaide: South Australian Government Printer, 1988
The Measure of the land Adelaide: Department of Lands, 1986

Threadgill, Bessie South Australian land exploration, 1856 to 1880 Adelaide: Board of Governors of the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of South Australia, 1922
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Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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