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Central Mt Stuart
Title : Central Mt Stuart Central Mt Stuart
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Creator : Stuart, John McDouall, 1815-1866
Source : Explorations in Australia : the journals of John McDouall Stuart during the years 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, & 1862, ..., opp. p. 165
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : Saunders, Otley
Date of creation : 1864
Additional Creator : Angas, George French, 1822-1886
Format : Book
Catalogue record
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Description :

On his fourth expedition in 1860 John McDouall Stuart named a hill near his calculated position for the centre of Australia Central Mount Sturt. His former leader Charles Sturt had attempted to reach the centre in his expedition of 1844-46, but fell short of it by about 150 miles, stopped by the dunes of the Simpson Desert. Back in Adelaide the government changed the name to Central Mount Stuart. The illustration is by George French Angas, an accomplished artist noted for his folio volume South Australia illustrated.

Stuart had reached this point on 22 April and raised a flag and blazed a tree at what he calculated to be the centre of the continent. The following day he climbed a nearby hill and raised a cairn of stones in which he buried a note 'John McDouall Stuart and party, consisting of two men and himself, arrived from Adelaide in the Centre of Australia on Saturday evening, the twenty first day of April, 1860, and have built this cone of stones and raised the flag to commemorate the event, on top of Mt Sturt. The Centre is about two miles south-south-west, at a small gum creek...' From here Stuart and his party continued north but on 26 June, some 200 miles short of the north coast of Australia he turned back to Adelaide, following an attack by some Aboriginal people and with evidence of in the men.
Related names :

Stuart, John McDouall, 1815-1866

Sturt, Charles, 1795-1869

Angas, George French, 1822-1886

Coverage year : 1860
Place : Central Mount Stuart (NT)
Further reading :
John McDouall Stuart's explorations, 1858-1862: South Australian parliamentary papers 1858-1863 Adelaide: Friends of the State Library of South Australia, 2001
Stokes, Edward, Across the Centre: John McDouall Stuart's expeditions, 1860-62 St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 1996
Webster, M. S. John McDouall Stuart with maps by Mary Quick [Carlton]: Melbourne University Press, 1958
Mudie, Ian, The heroic journey of John McDouall Stuart Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1968
Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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