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Commonwealth of Australia inaugural celebrations
Title : Commonwealth of Australia inaugural celebrations Commonwealth of Australia  inaugural celebrations
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Creator : New South Wales. Parliament
Place Of Creation : [Sydney]
Publisher : s.n.
Date of creation : ca. 1900?
Format : Ephemera
Contributor : State Library catalogue
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Description :

On New Year's Day, 1901, the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia was conducted at a formal ceremony in Centennial Park in Sydney, following a lengthy procession through the extravagantly decorated city streets. Members of this procession included a military contingent from South Australia, and the estimated 250,000 people watching the parade included many leading citizens from this state.

At the inauguration ceremony, Edwin Blackmore, Clerk of the South Australian Parliaments, read the principal document which instituted the new nation, the Proclamation of the Commonwealth.

When the Commonwealth of Australia came into being, the colonies became states. Lord Tennyson was sworn in as South Australia's Governor at the Adelaide Town Hall with due ceremony. Additional Commonwealth celebrations included church parades, and military sports at the Jubilee Oval, followed by a 'Continental' concert in the evening with a 'grand parade of illuminated bicycles'. Local celebrations took place at several country towns, such as Hawker, Mount Gambier and Yorketown.

Coverage year : 1901
Period : 1884-1913
Place : Sydney (N.S.W.)
Further reading :
Headon, David and John Williams, eds. Makers of miracles: the cast of the federation story, Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 2000

Hirst, JB. The sentimental nation: the making of the Australian Commonwealth, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2000

Irving, Helen, ed. The Centenary companion to Australian federation, Cambridge; Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1999

Matthews, Brian. Federation, Melbourne: Text Publishing, 1999

Russell, Roslyn and Philip Chubb. One destiny!: the federation story, how Australia became a nation, Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin, 1998

Internet links :
Advance Australia: South Australia and Federation [State Library of South Australia] Illustrated bibliography including extensive newspaper references

Centenary of Federation 2001

Documenting a democracysee: Commonwealth. Features 'key Australian legal and constitutional documents' [National Archives of Australia]

Federation: the Guide to Records [National Archives of Australia]

Federation ephemera [State Library of New South Wales]

Forging the Nation [Australian War Memorial]

National Library of Australia's Federation Gateway



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