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Water easy to find by digging
Title : Water easy to find by digging Water easy to find by digging
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Creator : Sutherland, George, Captain
Source : South Australia: outline of the plan of a proposed colony to be founded on the south coast of Australia; with an account of the soil, climate, rivers, &c, p. 46
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : Ridgway and Sons
Date of creation : 1834
Additional Creator : South Australian Association
Format : Book
Catalogue record
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Description :

Captain Sutherland continues his report of Kangaroo Island, reporting on how easy it was to obtain 'very sweet water' simply by digging. This was in the vicinity of Nepean Bay, whereas on the south and west coasts the party obtained their water from the lagoons and found it was not as good. While Sutherland's men went about the business of collecting salt and killing seals, he had time to explore his surroundings and identified a sand spit near Point Marsden which was not on the existing charts. He called this after himself. He also made a sketch of the island highlighting reefs and rocks.

Captain George Sutherland was employed in 1819 by Mary Reiby, a Sydney trader, to collect sealskins and salt from Kangaroo Island. He stayed on the island for eight months from January to August and 12 years later provided a detailed report on the island. Sutherland was an experienced captain having made the voyage from England to Sydney a number of times. His report was made to the Committee formed in London for the purpose of establishing a colony in South Australia. This report was subsequently published in several publications which promoted settlement in South Australia. Sutherland's report was detailed and he was, in addition cross-examined by the committee in 1831. The South Australian Company officials subsequently considered that Sutherland's reports were inaccurate, but it should be taken into consideration that the Australian climate was still poorly understood, and Sutherland may have been on the island in an unusually good year.
Related names :

South Australian Association

Sutherland, George, Captain

Period : Pre-1836
Region : Kangaroo Island
Further reading :
Cumpston, J. S. Kangaroo Island, 1800-1836 [Canberra, The Author, 24 Holmes Crescent, Campbell, A.C.T.,
2601, 1970]

Nunn, Jean, This southern land: a social history of Kangaroo Island 1800-1890 Hawthorndene, S. Aust.: Investigator Press, 1989

Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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