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James Cook
Title : James Cook James Cook
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Creator : Kippis, Andrew, 1725-1795
Source : Life of Captain James Cook, p. ii
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : printed for G. Nicol; and G.G.J. and J. Robinson
Date of creation : 1788
Format : Book
Catalogue record
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Description :

Captain James Cook was sent to the South Pacific in 1768 to observe the Transit of Venus. Following this he opened his secret instructions and began his exploration of the southern Pacific Ocean in search of the unknown south land (Terra Australis nondum cognita). After discovering and charting New Zealand, he continued to sail west and in 1770 discovered the east coast of Australia and sailed its length and passed through Torres Strait. He called this new land New South Wales. Eighteen years later, following recommendations by Sir Joseph Banks, botanist on Cook's expedition, the first white settlement of the continent began at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson.

James Cook made two further voyages in the Pacific Ocean. In the course of the voyages he mapped innumerable islands accurately for the first time. He showed that there was no vast southern continent and established the northern limits of Antarctica by his circumnavigation of the world in the high southern latitudes during his second voyage. On his third voyage he discovered the Hawaiian Islands, and explored the north-west coast of America and searched for a western entrance to the North West Passage. He was killed in Hawaii in February 1779.
Related names :

Cook, James, 1728-1779

Period : Pre-1836
Place : Australia
Further reading :
Robson, John, The Captain Cook encyclopaedia London: Chatham, 2004
Beaglehole, J. C. The life of Captain James Cook London: A. and C. Black, 1974
Badger, G. M. The explorers of the Pacific Kenthurst, N.S.W.: Kangaroo Press, 1988
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