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Klemzic, a village of German settlers
Title : Klemzic, a village of German settlers Klemzic, a village of German settlers
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Creator : Angas, George French, 1822-1886, artist
Date of creation : ca. 1846
Additional Creator : Giles, J.W.
Format : Book
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :
The colony of South Australia was founded with principles of civil and religious freedom, ideals supported by George Fife Angas, head of the South Australian Company. Lutheran Pastor Augustus Kavel from Klemzig in Prussian Silesia requested assistance from Angas to transport members of his congregation who had suffered religious persecution in their homeland to the new colony.

In November and December 1838, with Angas' support, Pastor Kavel brought German emigrants to the colony. The new immigrants were settled on the Adelaide Plains near the River Torrens on land belonging to Angas, who also envisaged that these refugees would provide reliable labour in the new colony. The immigrants named their village Klemzig after their home town in Germany. Klemzig market gardens - and from 1839, those in Hahndorf in the Adelaide Hills - supplied Adelaide colonists with fresh vegetables.

By 1841, Klemzig included more than 400 settlers, 100 homes, and 350 cattle (Colwell, p. 38). Some of the villagers later moved to settle in the Barossa Valley region.

George Fife Angas' son, artist George French Angas painted some of the earliest views of South Australia. Arriving in Adelaide in January 1844, he rapidly set about an extensive series of journeys to the Murray Lakes, Barossa Valley, Fleurieu Peninsula and the South East, capturing his impressions of the young colony-its landscapes, its inhabitants and the flora and fauna.

In 1847 Angas published the folio South Australiaillustrated, which included 'Klemzic. A village of German settlers near Adelaide'. An extract from the text accompanying the illustration reads:
About three miles from Adelaide is situated the picturesque village of Klemzic, on the banks of the Torrens: it is entirely populated by one of the various bodies of Prussian Emigrants ... their houses and cultivation are in the style of their own country ... Poultry, butter, vegetables, and fruit, are frequently brought into Adelaide for sale by the women, whose picturesque style of dress, and simplicity of manners, obtain for these peasants a considerable share of custom.

Related names :

Klemzig (S. Aust.)

Period : 1836-1851
Region : Mt Lofty Ranges and Eastern Plain
Further reading :
Colwell, M and Alan Naylor. Adelaide: an illustrated history, [Joslin, S. Aust.]: McP, 1981

Insights into South Australian history, volume 2: South Australia's German history and heritage, Harmstorf, Ian A. ed, Adelaide: Historical Society of South Australia, 1992-

Kwan, Elizabeth. Living in South Australia: a social history, Netley, S. Aust.: South Australian Government Printer, 1987

Migration Museum. From many places: the history and cultural traditions of South Australian people, Kent Town, S. Aust.: Migration Museum (History Trust of S.A.) in association with Wakefield Press, 1995

Internet links :
South Australian German Association: See German history in South Australia: 1838-1914: German settlement in South Australia



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