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Horrocks' Expedition
Title : Horrocks' Expedition Horrocks' Expedition
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Creator : Gill, S.T. (Samuel Thomas), 1818-1880 artist
Date of creation : 1846
Format : Photograph
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Description :

Photograph of painting by ST Gill of Horrock's expedition to the North West, depicting the invalid's tent on a salt lagoon.

In 1846 John Ainsworth Horrocks had offered to lead an expedition, funded by fellow colonists, to explore the country north of Spencer Gulf. He was looking for country suitable for farming or pastoralism. His expedition included Bernard Kilroy and Theakston, both workmen from his property; artist ST Gill, to record the country; Mr Garlick; Jimmy Moorhouse, an Aboriginal man; and a camel, considered to be the first in Australia.

The camel, named Harry, was the surviving one of a small batch that was imported in October 1840 from the Canary Islands. Horrocks had exchanged six of his cows for the camel, believing it would be highly suitable for work in the arid regions he proposed to explore. It would be more than 20 years before camels became the mainstay of Australian desert exploration.

Related names :
Period : 1836-1851
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :

Morphett, George C John Ainsworth Horrocks Adelaide: Pioneers' Association of S.A., 1946

John Ainsworth Horrocks of Penwortham: explorer and pioneer Watervale, [S. Aust.]: Mt. Horrocks Historical Soc., [1986?] ([Burra, S. Aust.?]: Burra Community Print)

Pictorial of Penwortham, 1839-1996. Volume two compiled by Geraldine Pearce; photography by Clarrie Hill Watervale, S. Aust.: Mt Horrocks Historical Society, 1996

Internet links :
Australian Dictionary of Biography onlinesee: Horrocks, John Ainsworth (1818-1846)

Travellers Artsee: Samuel Thomas Gill on Horrocks Flinders Ranges Expedition (National Library of Australia)



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