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Moravian missionary brothers
Title : Moravian missionary brothers Moravian missionary brothers
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Source : Beaumont, Edith Gertrude, 1882-1964, PRG 186/7/10/1, no. 17-18
Date of creation : 1864
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 100 x 160 mm
Catalogue record
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Description :
Today Moravia is part of the Czech Republic. In previous centuries members of the Moravian faith suffered much persecution, and in the 18th century a group fled to Saxony, establishing a unique Christian community at Herrnhut. In 1864 two Moravian Brothers, Gottlieb Walder and Heinrich Meissel, arrived from Germany to establish a mission on the Cooper's Creek. This was partly in gratitude to the Aboriginal people of the area who had cared for John King, a survivor of the Burke and Wills expedition in 1861. After some delay, the missionaries left Adelaide in 1866 and arrived at Kopperamanna six months later, only to find that Lutheran missionaries had already established another mission nearby. After many difficulties the Moravians were instructed to close the mission in May 1869. Meissel returned briefly to Point McLeay where the two had previously received some training, and Walder eventually went to Jamaica as a missionary. A Moravian congregation met at Bethel near Kapunda until 1907.
Related names :

King, John, 1841-1872

Meissel, H.

Walder, G.

Burke and Wills Expedition (1860-1861)

Kopperamanna Mission

Moravian Mission Board (Australia)

Coverage year : 1864
Place : Kopperamanna (N.T.); Bethel (S. Aust.)
Region : Northern Territory
Further reading :
Edwards, WH. Moravian Aboriginal missions in Australia 1850-1919, Adelaide, S. Aust.: Uniting Church Historical Society (SA), 1999
Survival in our own land: 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Ed. Christabel Mattingley and Ken Hampton, Sydney: Hodder and Stoughton, 1992



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