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Explorers overview of new country
Title : Explorers overview of new country Explorers overview of new country
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Creator : Frome, Edward Charles, 1802-1890
Source : Colonial surveying, p. 3
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : John Weale
Date of creation : 1850
Format : Book
Catalogue record
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Description :

Explorers gather information about the new country they travel through: inhabitants, geology, rivers, mountains. This information, states EC Frome, former Surveyor-General of South Australia, together with the map they produce assists the surveyor in selecting the site for the main town. The explorer should check important points by astronomical observation where possible, together with the altitudes of any significant heights. Frome outlines the principal requirements for the main town which include plentiful water, easy access to both the interior of the country and to a good harbour, access to timber and other building materials and access to adequate land for pastoral and agricultural purposes.

Captain Edward Charles Frome, Royal Engineers, arrived in South Australia in September 1839 to take up the task of surveying South Australia. The country blocks were his immediate priority. This was a task that the first Surveyor-General, William Light had been unable to complete because of interference from London. Frome had an onerous task as the colonists clamoured for their land. He had not only to revise the work that had been inadequately marked by George Kingston, Light's second-in-command, but also to undertake the commencement of the Special Surveys of very large country sections. By 1841 Frome had laid out roads and secondary towns and taken accurate trigonometrical survey to the limits of settlement. Frome returned to England in 1849 and retired in 1877 with the rank of General.

Related names :

Frome, Edward Charles, 1802-1890

Coverage year : 1850
Place : South Australia
Further reading :
Frome, Edward Charles, Colonial surveying Adelaide: Public Library of South Australia, 1962
South Australia. Survey Dept Field service: handbook for government surveyors compiled by C. H. Harris
Adelaide: Govt. Printer, 1914
Anderson, J. M. Introduction to surveying New York: McGraw-Hill, c1985
Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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