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Title : Surveyors Surveyors
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Creator : Gill, S. T. (Samuel Thomas), 1818-1880
Source : Australian sketchbook, plate 13
Place Of Creation : Melbourne
Publisher : Printed in colors and published by Hamel & Ferguson
Date of creation : 1865
Format : Book
Catalogue record
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Description :

ST Gill's image of surveyors at work in virgin bush shows the difficulties of the task. Two men hold the end of the gunter's chain and arrows, used for measuring distances, and a man cuts a blaze into the tree, which will mark the position where this particular position sight was taken. A fourth man reads the angles on his theodolite. In the background a fifth man stands with the wagon containing their supplies.

William Light, in his Brief journal also writes of the difficulties he and his team of surveyors underwent in the virgin bush in South Australia in 1836-37. At that stage they did not even have horses or oxen to pull their carts, but used a hand cart, or as Light vividly writes, carried their equipment on their shoulders while walking dozens of miles in a working day.

Frome in his Colonial surveying also outlines the difficulties for the early surveyors, and also differentiates between explorers and surveyors, and between the surveying of new territory and surveying in established towns and settled regions.

It would be many decades following first settlement in Australia in 1788 and in South Australia in 1836, before surveyors finished surveying in the bush by anything other than these early basic mathods.
Related names :

Gill, S. T. (Samuel Thomas), 1818-1880

Coverage year : 1865
Place : Australia
Further reading :
Frome, Edward Charles, Colonial surveying Adelaide: Public Library of South Australia, 1962
South Australia. Survey Dept Field service: handbook for government surveyors compiled by C. H. Harris
Adelaide: Govt. Printer, 1914

Light, William, A brief journal of the proceedings of William Light. With a few remarks on some of the objections that have been made to them Adelaide, [S. Aust.]: Public Library of South Australia, 1962
Gill, S. T. Paintings of S.T. Gill with an introduction and commentaries by Geoffrey Dutton Adelaide: Rigby, 1962
Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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