State Library of South Australia logo Religion in South Australia
SA Memory. South Australia past and present, for the future

Sir Frederick Holt Robe
Title : Sir Frederick Holt Robe Sir Frederick Holt Robe
Add To My SA Memory
Date of creation : ca. 1870
Format : Photograph
Catalogue record
The State Library of South Australia is keen to find out more about SA Memory items. We encourage you to contact the Library if you have additional information about any of these items.
Copyright : Reproduction rights are owned by State Library of South Australia. This image may be printed or saved for research or study. Use for any other purpose requires permission from the State Library of South Australia. To request approval, complete the Permission to publish form.
Description :
Concerned by the lack of churches in the young colony, Governor Robe introduced a scheme of religious grants in 1846, whereby churches could receive government funding based on their number of members. This was an unpopular move. South Australia prided itself on religious freedom, and an autonomy within churches and other religious groups, free of government interference. However, struggling to establish themselves and affected by the economic depression of the 1840s, many churches had borrowed heavily to erect buildings and pay clergy, and therefore accepted the grants. The scheme became an election issue in 1851, and electors voted in a majority of candidates who promised to curtail the subsidies. South Australia therefore became the first British colony with no government-supported state church.
Related names :

Robe, Frederick Holt, 1802-1871

Coverage year : 1870
Further reading :
Hilliard, David and Arnold D. Hunt. 'Religion', Flinders history of South Australia: social history, ed. Eric Richards, Netley, S. Aust.: Wakefield Press, 1986, pp. 194-234
Meaney, NK. 'The Church of England in the paradise of dissent: a problem of assimilation' Journal of religious history, vol. 3 (1964), pp. 137-157
Pike, Douglas. Paradise of dissent: South Australia 1829-1857, London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1957
Robe, Frederick Holt. Personal papers, 1845-1858, PRG 521



About SA Memory

Explore SA Memory

SA Memory Themes


My SA Memory


What's on