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Friends no longer
Title : Friends no longer Friends no longer View More Images
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Creator : Milbourn, S.
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : S. Milbourn Jnr.
Date of creation : [189-?]
Additional Creator : Neale, Agnes, 1849-1892 ; Sladen, Douglas, 1856-1947
Format : Sheet music
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

Lyricist of this piece Agnes Neal (Agnes Neal was a pen name her real name was Caroline Agnes Leane) was a well known writer, particularly of songs and poetry. Agnes Neal was also known as the Adelaide Proctor. One of Agnes Leane's poems titled "Shadows and Sunbeams" was published as a book in 1890, reprinted in 1893 with additions.

"Friends no longer" was dedicated to Douglas Sladen who was a friend of hers.

In more recent times, Caroline Leane's descendants have published two books one a reprint of "Shadows and sunbeams" and a biography.

There are an abundance of romantic and sentimental songs, happy, sad, romantic love, parental love and sibling love. Sentimental and romantic tends to make great use of the elements of musical harmony and dynamics (dynamics are the loudness or softness of a composition).
Certain words are more emotionally charged than others in both prose and poetry. When setting music to text more stressful words or words that imply love and passion may be accompanied by chords of higher intensity (those which sound more passionate or intense). This intensifies the emotional meaning of the words for the singer and the listener.
Dynamic levels too, play a part as they are a natural indicator of emotional mood. Soft dynamics, are usually associated with tranquillity, repose, calmness and sensuality associated with love songs, lullabies, wistful and melancholy songs. Loud dynamics are associated with vigour, turmoil, conflict and valour, for example marches, fanfares, and triumphal music tend to be loud.
Period : 1884-1913
Further reading :

The Adelaide observer [newspaper : microform], an obituary for Caroline Leane can be found on 24 September 1892, p. 29, col. a  

Christian weekly and Methodist journal [newspaper : microform], See especially 30 September 1892, p. 2, col.a for information regarding Caroline Leane

Frew, Wendy. Leane times : one family's transformation from Cornish farmers to Australian fighters ,  Sydney, : The author, 2018 

Holmes, Robyn. The collectors book of sheet music covers, Canberra : National Library of Australia, 2001

Rye, Leslie Howard. South Australian verse (verse connected with South Australia) : a survey and an appreciation, together with a bibliography and biographical data, complete to December 31st, 1934.  See especially vol. 2, p. 10 for information on Caroline Leane

Simons, Marlene. "Agnes Neale" (Caroline Agnes Leane) 1849-1892, a life's work, co-editors, Marlene B. Simons, William E. & Marie B. Vince Henley Beach, S. Aust. : Seaview Press, 1999

View a photograph of Caroline Agnes Leane from the State Library of South Australia's collections

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