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Government House
Title : Government House Government House
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Source : B 9483/10
Date of creation : 1846
Additional Creator : Nixon, Frederick Robert, d.1860,
Format : Artwork
Dimensions : 17.5 x 10.5 cm
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Copyright : Reproduction rights are owned by State Library of South Australia. This image may be printed or saved for research or study. Use for any other purpose requires permission from the State Library of South Australia. To request approval, complete the Permission to publish form.
Description :

East view of Government House and part of North Terrace. The lithograph image has been created from an original sketch by F.R. Nixon, 1846.

Government House is the oldest public building in South Australia.

The first Government House was a crude thatched hut which was completed in April 1837.

This hut sufficed for South Australia's first Governor and his family, however on Governor Gawler's arrival in October 1838, he agitated for a more "fitting" residence reflecting the position he held. Gawler's plans were not so humble and the first tender received by the board had Government House built out of brick at a cost of 7000 pounds. The young colony could not support such a cost and as a cost saving measure the board decided that the residence should be erected from stone from a nearby Government owned quarry.

George Strickland Kingston was charged with designing Government House and Messrs. East and Breeze were awarded the building tender. The house was completed in May 1840 and the original bow fronted wing shown in this image is considered to be an excellent example of a Regency style mansion.

In 1855 extensions were made to Government House which incorporated an official entrance. These extensions were made in the Italianate style and feature a portico, a Palladian window over the portico and heavily rusticated quoins. Further extensions were undertaken in 1863 and 1875 and a ballroom was added in 1878.

Government house is listed on the Register of the National Estate and the South Australian Heritage Register.

Related names :

Government House (Adelaide, S. Aust.)

Nixon, Frederick Robert

Coverage year : 1846
Period : 1836-1851
Place : South Australia
Region : Adelaide city
Further reading :

Borrow, K. T, Government House, Adelaide (1837-1901), Adelaide: Pioneers' Association of South Australia, 1982

Heritage of the city of Adelaide: an illustrated guide, editors: Susan Marsden, Paul Stark and Patricia Sumerling, Adelaide: Corporation of the City of Adelaide, 1990

Government House, Adelaide: the house and grounds, edited by Gavin Walkley, [Adelaide]: National Trust of South Australia, 1988

Langmead, Donald, Accidental architect, Darlinghurst, N.S.W.: Crossing Press, 1994

Internet links :

The Governor of South Australia on the left hand side of the screen click on Government House

State Library of South Australia, General Information Factsheets Online: Houses and buildings in South Australia

Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. From the ground up August 2004-



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