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Miners, Wallaroo Mines
Title : Miners, Wallaroo Mines Miners, Wallaroo Mines
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Date of creation : ca. 1900
Format : Photograph
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Miners at Wallaroo Mines. First three men standing, left - right: W. Bailey (Engine driver); W.Polkinghorne; R.Nicholls. First man sitting on the left is J.Hancock.

Located in the Yorke Peninsula, Wallaroo is found in the area referred to as 'The Copper Triangle', along with towns Kadina and Moonta. In 1859, a shepherd named James Boor, who was employed by station owner Captain Walter Watson Hughes, discovered copper in the area now known as the Wallaroo Mines. Hughes took out a mining lease, and by 1861 Wallaroo contained the largest copper smelters outside Wales, processing copper ore from the mines in the region.

The mines employed hundreds of Cornish immigrants and their heritage is celebrated in the biennial Kernewek Lowender festival. The price of copper dropped considerably in the years after World War I, and subsequently 'the Copper Triangle' mines closed in the early 1920s.

Period : 1884-1913
Place : Wallaroo
Region : Yorke Peninsula
Further reading :

Drew, G. J. Discovering historic Wallaroo, South Australia, [Adelaide] : Dept. of Mines and Energy and the Corporation of the Town of Wallaroo, 1989

Internet links :
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