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The maritime portion of South Australia
Title : The maritime portion of South Australia The maritime portion of South Australia
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Creator : Arrowsmith, John, 1790-1873
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : Published [J. Arrowsmith] 10 Soho Square Strand
Date of creation : Feby. 5th 1839
Additional Creator : Light, William, 1786-1839 Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814 Chesser, William Finniss, Boyle Travers, 1807-1893
Format : Map
Dimensions : 540 x 670 mm
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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This map of the southern portion of South Australia was originally published by John Arrowsmith in 1839 as part of his London atlas. The map was drawn from the surveys of Captain Matthew Flinders and of Colonel William Light, Surveyor General for the colony of South Australia. In the the early 1800s, British navigator Matthew Flinders and his French counterpart Nicolas Baudin were sent out by their respective governments to chart and explore the unknown southern coast of Australia. Between them, Flinders and Baudin explored, mapped and named most of the 3,700 kilometres from Ceduna on the west coast to Robe in the southeast, known in 1802 as 'the unknown coast'.

Colonel Light surveyed the site for the capital city of Adelaide in the first months of 1837. He designed the city in a grid pattern surrounded by a 'green belt' of parklands. No additional surveying of the South Australian coast was carried out between Flinders' and Light's surveys. The original map was mounted in pieces on linen, in a folder. Notes on vegetation and topography are recorded, and inset maps include: 'Sketch of Encounter Bay', 'Sketch of Nepean Bay and Kingscote Harbour', 'The City of Adelaide, with the acre allotments' and '[The Gulf St Vincent]'. A facsimile edition of the map was published in 1976 by the Libraries Board of South Australia.

Period : Pre-1836
Further reading :

Badger, Geoffrey Explorers of Australia East Roseville, N.S.W.: Kangaroo Press, 2001 [details surveying equipment]

Brown, Anthony J. Ill-starred captains: Flinders and Baudin Hindmarsh, S. Aust.: Crawford House Publishing, 2000

Cooper, H. M. The unknown coast: being the explorations of Captain Matthew Flinders, along the shores of South Australia, 1802 Adelaide: The author, 1953

Dutton, Geoffrey Founder of a city: the life of Colonel William Light, first Surveyor-General of the colony of South Australia, founder of Adelaide, 1786-1839 Adelaide: Rigby, 1984

Ingleton, Geoffrey C. Matthew Flinders, navigator and chartmaker Guildford, Surrey: Genesis Publications in association with Hedley Australia, 1986

Perry, T.M. 'Matthew Flinders and the charting of the Australian coast.' The globe: journal of the Australian map circle, no. 23, 1985, pp.1-10

Internet links :

Encounter 1802-2002: celebrating Flinders' and Baudin's expeditions in search of the 'unknown' southern coast of Australia.

State Library of New South Wales: From Terra Australis to Australia see: Flinders' Journeys

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