State Library of South Australia logo Foundation Documents 1800-1851
SA Memory. South Australia past and present, for the future

Letter to H. Tomlin
Title : Letter to H. Tomlin Letter to H. Tomlin View More Images
Add To My SA Memory
Creator : Ingram, George P.
Source : D 4140 (L)
Place Of Creation : Adelaide, South Australia
Date of creation : 1842
Format : Letter
Dimensions : 250 x 202 mm (2 pages)
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
Catalogue record
The State Library of South Australia is keen to find out more about SA Memory items. We encourage you to contact the Library if you have additional information about any of these items.
Copyright : Reproduction rights are owned by State Library of South Australia. This image may be printed or saved for research or study. Use for any other purpose requires permission from the State Library of South Australia. To request approval, complete the Permission to publish form.
Description :

Letter written by George P. Ingram, Adelaide to H. Tomlin, Leicester, England, 22 May 1842.

Starting with a quick review of the voyage to Australia on the Caleb Angas, Ingram reports upon his initial impression of the dull appearence of the provincial town of Adelaide with its 'unpaved footpaths' and 'straggling houses'. However, he considers the colony is very new and goes on to record a lively and extremely complimentary description of the town and surrounding colony. Ingram refers to the landscape, describes birdlife and the sounds made by differet bird species; soil minerals, blue skies and the invigorating atmosphere.

Click here to see a transcript of the entire letter.

Click here to hear an audio file related to the letter (click here for transcript to audio file).

Extracts of the letter:

Turn your back on the Town and walk a few miles out, towards the mountains, or towards Mount Barker or Mount Lofty and you will see one of the finest countries in the world, whether for agricultural, rural, or whatever purposes landed may he wanted for. I do not hesitate in saying, that some of the richest and most productive soil in the whole universe is to be found in Sth Australia...There is some bad land also, but there is more good land, than will be occupied for some years to come let emigration flow as fast as it can, not only is the surface good, but vast quantities of minerals are to be found in the lower parts, which in time will yield considerable profit to mining gentlemen here...

The plains are covered with a rich and luxuriant vegetation tall gum trees and acacia gums spreading in different directions, thousands of birds making the air ring with their vocal music, the sky of one universal blue nearly the whole year round, the atmosphere clear, invigorating, and refreshing and the whole face of nature weaving an aspect of beauty and loveliness that is not seen, except in more genial climates of a lower Latitude than that of England...

Ingram derogatorily refers to Aboriginal Australians, a reflection of an attitude of many in this era towards Indigenous people.

Related names :

Caleb Angas (ship)

Ingram, George P.

Tomlin, H

Coverage year : 1842
Period : 1836-1851
Place : South Australia
Further reading :

Pitt, G. Index to pioneers arriving in South Australia from overseas ports, July 1836 to December 1845 Archives Department, 1935

Kwan, Elizabeth. Living in South Australia: a social history , Netley, S. Aust.: South Australian Government Printer, 1987

Migration Museum. From many places: the history and cultural traditions of South Australian people , Kent Town, S. Aust.: Migration Museum (History Trust of S.A.) in association with Wakefield Press, 1995

Internet links :



About SA Memory

Explore SA Memory

SA Memory Themes


My SA Memory


What's on