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Australia, map from surveys made by order of the British Government, D'Entrecasteaux, Baudin and Freycinet
Title : Australia, map from surveys made by order of the British Government, D'Entrecasteaux, Baudin and Freycinet Australia, map from surveys made by order of the British Government, D'Entrecasteaux, Baudin and Freycinet
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Creator : Arrowsmith, John, 1790-1873
Place Of Creation : London
Publisher : Pubd. by John Arrowsmith 35 Essex St. Strand
Date of creation : 1st. May 1838
Additional Creator : British Government, D'Entrecasteaux, Baudin and Freycinet
Format : Map
Dimensions : 655 x 890 mm
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

Part coloured general map of Australia showing county divisions with coastal areas and parts of New South Wales named. Notes on explorers and discoveries and some notes on natural features. Relief shown by hachures, spot heights and bathymetric soundings.

More of the west coast of Australia was gradually charted by the Dutch over many years during the 17th century, and by William Dampier an English navigator also in the 17th century; the southern part of Tasmania was charted by Abel Tasman in 1642-43 and the northern part of Australia in 1644 again by Tasman. The Englishman Captain James Cook charted the eastern coast of Australia in 1770. Several expeditions were sent out by the English and French Governments in the 18th century, but did not add anything further to the unknown southern coast.

In the beginning of the 19th century two expeditions sailed - one from France, and the other from England, with instructions to discover the unknown coastline. These expeditions were led by Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders and their discoveries account for both the French and English names on the South Australian coast. The full story of their voyages can be seen on the Encounter 2002 website.

Meanwhile Lieutenant James Grant had been sent out from England in the Lady Nelson, a specially designed vessel with sliding keels, for work in shallow coastal waters. On 3 December 1800 he approached the South Australian coast and named two capes - Northumberland and Banks, and further inland saw two mountains which he named Mount Schank after the designer of his ship, and Mount Gambier after Admiral Lord Gambier. Lieutenant Grant had discovered the first stretch of South Australian coast since the Dutchman Pieter Nuyts over 170 years before had charted the far west coast to near modern day Ceduna.

Related names :

Arrowsmith, John, 1790-1873

Baudin, Nicolas, 1754-1803

Peron, Francois, 1775-1810

Freycinet, Louis de, 1779-1842

Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814

Coverage year : 1838
Period : 1836-1851
Place : South Australia and Australia
Further reading :

Healey, John, 'Who invented "Australia"?', History SA: newsletter of the Historical Society of SA Inc., No. 163, November 2002, pp. 8-11 and No. 164, January 2003, pp. 12-16

Terra Australis to Australia edited by Glyndwr Williams and Alan Frost Melbourne: Oxford University Press in association with the Australian Academy of the Humanities, 1988

Ingleton, Geoffrey C. Matthew Flinders, navigator and chartmaker Guildford, Surrey: Genesis Publications in association with Hedley Australia, 1986

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