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Port Darwin
Title : Port Darwin Port Darwin
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Creator : Hoare, William Webster, artist
Source : B 1048
Date of creation : 1869
Format : Artwork
Dimensions : 345 x 205 mm
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

This oil sketch on paper of a landscape including Fort Point, Port Darwin by William Webster Hoare, illustrates the main camp of the Northern Territory Survey Expedition (1868-1870). Hoare composed this scene from an offshore vantage point, perhaps from a boat.

After the annexation of the Northern Territory by South Australia through Royal Letters Patent, in July 1863, land sales could begin. For this to happen surveys had to be completed.

The initial Northern Territory survey expedition commenced under Boyle Travers Finniss. Its aims were to survey country sections and locate a suitable site for the capital of the Northern Territory. Finniss was recalled to Adelaide in 1867 and the settlement disbanded. This was one of four attempts at coastal settlement in the Northern Territory.

Explorer John McKinlay was commissioned to investigate sites in the Adelaide River region, without success. Finally George Woodroffe Goyder, Surveyor-General of South Australia, was sent to complete the task. In late 1868 Goyder and 150 men left Port Adelaide aboard the Moonta. They reached Port Darwin early in 1869.

In February 1869 Goyder founded the settlement of Palmerston, later known as Darwin. Six months later, more than 650,000 acres were surveyed as town and country sections.

Related names :

William Webster Hoare, 1841-1927

Finniss, Boyle Travers, 1807-1893

Goyder, G. W. (George Woodroffe), 1826-1898

Coverage year : 1869
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Darwin, Northern Territory
Region : Northern Territory
Further reading :

Donovan, PF. A Land Full of Possibilities: A History of South Australia's Northern Territory, St. Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press, 1981

Powell, Alan. Far country: a short history of the Northern Territory, 5th edition Darwin, N.T. : Charles Darwin University Press, 2009

Internet links :

Australian Dictionary of Biography Online Search: Goyder, George Woodroffe

Centenary of Federation: Connecting the Continent See: Overland Telegraph stories: Northern Territory Survey Expedition

Wikipedia: History of the Northen Territory



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