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Stuart's route to the Hugh
Title : Stuart's route to the Hugh Stuart's route to the Hugh
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Creator : Stuart, John McDouall, 1815-1866
Source : South Australian Parliamentary Paper no. 169 of 1861, sheet 1
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : Government Printer
Date of creation : 1861
Format : Magazine
Catalogue record
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Description :
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This map shows Chambers Creek north to the Hugh River and Waterhouse Range at 24 degrees, and covers territory already explored by Stuart on his fourth expedition in 1860. Along the narrow route of the explorer's path it shows topography with comments on the apparent fertility of the country. The route of the 1860 expedition is distinguished from that taken in the fifth expedition of 1860-61. In the bottom right hand corner can be seen the string of springs which were discovered between 1858 and 1861 and which enabled exploration and later pastoralism in the region. Emerald Spring was the first of these. It was discovered by BH Babbage in October 1858. The springs are the naturally occurring seepages from the Great Artesian Basin which underlies much of central Australia.

Many of the rivers discovered and named by Stuart are what he called 'gum creeks' that is ephemeral rivers and creeks that only flow for some time after sufficient rain. They drain into Lake Eyre after good rains. Chambers Pillar, north of the Finke River is a striking feature of this landscape. It was named by Stuart after his sponsor James Chambers.

Related names :

Stuart, John McDouall, 1815-1866

Kekwick, William Darton, 1822-1872

Coverage year : 1860-61
Place : Central Australia
Further reading :

John McDouall Stuart's explorations, 1858-1862: South Australian parliamentary papers 1858-1863 with introduction by Valmai Hankel Adelaide: Friends of the State Library of South Australia, 2001

Harris, Colin 'Oases in the desert', Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch), vol. 81, 1980-81, pp. 26-39

Webster, MS John McDouall Stuart with maps by Mary Quick [Carlton]: Melbourne University Press, 1958

Internet links :
Exhibitions and events :

State Library of South Australia: Mortlock Wing. Taking it to the edge August 2004-



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