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Nest Egg Gold Mine, Woodside
Title : Nest Egg Gold Mine, Woodside Nest Egg Gold Mine, Woodside
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Source : B 6259
Date of creation : ca. 1880
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 208 x 155 mm
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Nest Egg Gold Mine, Woodside.

In 1846, the Victoria Mine 18 kilometres north-east of Adelaide was the first place to produce gold in South Australia.

A rush soon followed and prospectors struck gold at Chapmans Gully and throughout the Mount Lofty Ranges. The Echunga Goldfield was proclaimed in 1852 near Hahndorf. This was followed in 1868 by the Barossa Goldfield. Then came the Birdwood Goldfield in 1869, the Woodside Goldfield in 1881 and finally in 1909, the Deloraine.

According to the South Australian Department of Primary Industries and Resources, PIRSA

'The history of (these) discoveries was characterised by short periods of high production which had a significant effect on population movements during the development years of the State...

The Woodside Goldfield (had) a recorded production of ~933 kg from 1881 to 1938. Gold occurred in quartz-sulphide reefs within Umberatana Group quartzite and schist over a distance of ~3 km. Sulphide minerals included pyrite, arsenopyrite, galena and chalcopyrite.

The major mines were Bird-in-Hand, New Era and Eureka. The goldfield was found by the discovery of alluvial gold which continued to be a minor producer in the area.'

In 2008 a new mining development project, Bird in the Hand, was proposed for the Woodside area. This has met with some opposition from members of the local community.
Coverage year : 1880
Period : 1852-1883
Place : Woodside
Region : Mt Lofty Ranges and Eastern Plain
Further reading :

Annear, Robyn Nothing but Gold Melbourne : Text Publishing, 1999

Eureka Gold Mining Company Report of the directors / Eureka Gold Mining Company, Limited Adelaide : [The Company], 1886

Blake, L. J. Gold escort Melbourne : Hawthorn Press, 1971

Flett, J A pictorial history of the Victorian goldfields [Adelaide] : Rigby, [1977]

Gold escort re-enactment Adelaide : S.A. Police, Commonwealth Bank, 1986

Hocking, G Gold: a pictorial history of the Australian gold rush, Rowville, Vic: Five Mile Press, 2006, c2000

Stone, D. I. Life on the Australian goldfields Carlton, Vic. ; [Sydney] : Methuen of Australia, [1976]

Internet links :

Adelaide Co-operative History,  Leadbeater, MM, Gold-diggers from South Australia

The Australian gold rush : stories from Australia's culture and recreation portal

Department of Primary Industries and Resources of South Australia (PIRSA) Minerals: see: gold in South Australia

Department of Primary Industries and Resources of South Australia (PIRSA) mining development project Bird in Hand

SA Memory, Timeline Gold fields of Australia

State Library of South Australia Mines and mineral resources



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