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Lime kilns at Wool Bay
Title : Lime kilns at Wool Bay Lime kilns at Wool Bay
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Source : PRG 280/1/37/16
Date of creation : 1923
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 85 x 135 mm
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
Catalogue record
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Description :

Lime kilns built into a cliff at Wool Bay in South Australia

Wool Bay is situated on the Yorke Peninsula coast between Stansbury and Coobowie. The town was established in 1876 with the name Pickering but this was changed to Wool Bay in 1940. In 1882 a jetty was built for the export of wool. Lime kilns were built to take advantage of the local limestone removed from paddocks by farmers.  Charles Dry from Stansbury travelled to England to study the newest mathods of lime processing in the early 20th century and on his return he built a large wood burning kiln on foreshore. It was however not a great success having problems with its draught. This kiln still stands today and is heritage listed.

A lime kiln is a kiln used to produce quicklime by the calcination of limestone (calcium carbonate). This reaction takes place at 900°C or up to 1000°C. Lime has been used in building for hundreds of years to aid the setting of mortar and plaster. It is also used in sewage treatment, for burial of bodies in open graves to aid in decomposition and in forensic science to reveal fingerprints.

Related names :

Searcy, Alfred, 1854-1925

Coverage year : 1915
Period : 1914-1918
Place : Wool Bay
Region : Yorke Peninsula
Further reading :

Draffin, J.O. Brief history of lime, cement, concrete, and reinforced concrete Urbana, 1943

Dancaster, E.A. Limes and cements  their nature, manufacture and use London, 1916

Gee, Lionel C. E. and Brown, H. Y. L. Record of the Mines of South Australia, 4th edtion, Adelaide, 1908

Wilson, J.G. Southern and central Yorke Peninsula: its industries, resources and attractions Adelaide: Sharples Bros., [1909]

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