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31. The drawer of water Mount Dare Station.
Title : 31. The drawer of water Mount Dare Station. 31. The drawer of water Mount Dare Station.
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Creator : Mountford, Charles P., photographer
Date of creation : 1938
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 60 x 60 mm
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
Catalogue record
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Description :

An Aboriginal man referred to as 'the drawer of water' (most probably Iliayarinika), who worked at Mount Dare Station. He is pictured with his donkey.

Upon the party's return from Ritchie's Ridge, Mountford had the opportunity to talk to some of the Aboriginal residents of Mount Dare and its surrounds. He asked station worker Iliyarinika (or 'Tim') to relate stories about his country, and also about the white men who had passed though it.

During their conversation Mountford heard how Iliyarinika's parents had been alive when John McDouall Stuart had traversed the area during his attempts to cross the continent - and of the fear engendered by this party of white men and their horses.

Mountford also recorded a series of songs with Iliyarinika, and asked for detailed explanations of the two sites of arranged stones that the party had come across during their journey over the gibber plains. (This ethnographic work did not form part of the sizable donation of material Mountford made to the State Library between 1959-1970, and any information on its whereabouts would be gratefully received).

Although Mountford did not specifically record Iliyarinika's language group, he does mention that the old men of the station were of the Southern Arrernte people, and as many of Iliraninka's songs related to Charlotte Waters (within Arrernte country) we could assume that he too was an Arrernte man.
Coverage year : 1938
Place : Mount Dare Station
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Berndt, Ronald and Catherine. End of an era: Aboriginal labour in the Northern Territory. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1987.

Lamshed, Max. 'Monty' : the biography of C.P. Mountford, Adelaide : Rigby, 1972, pp. 56-60

McGrath, Ann. Born in the cattle: Aborigines in cattle country. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1987.

Mountford, Charles P. 'Papers relating to the South Australian Government Expedition to search for the remains of explorer Ludwig Leichhardt', PRG 1218/9

Price, A. Grenfell. The Mystery of Leichhardt : the South Australian government expedition of 1938, South Australia : Royal Geographical Society, 1937-38

Shephard, Mark. The Simpson Desert : natural history and human endeavour, Adelaide : Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch) and Giles Publications, 1992
Internet links :
Aboriginal art online - Aboriginal People and the Cattle Industry

Australian Dictionary of Biography - Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt

National Museum of Australia. Leichhardt: the man, the mystery, the science, the history [symposium held in 2007]



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