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County Fergusson
Title : County Fergusson County Fergusson
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Creator : South Australia. Surveyor-General's Office
Source : Co. Fergusson [cartographic material]
Place Of Creation : Adelaide
Publisher : Surveyor General's Office
Date of creation : 1876
Additional Creator : Crawford, Frazer S. (Frazer Smith), d. 1890
Format : Map
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Cadastral map of the County of Fergusson, South Australia, in two sheets.

Before the late 1860s Yorke Peninsula, especially the southern half, was largely taken up with pastoral leases. Then in 1869 in response to an act to further amend the Waste Lands Act (no. 14 of 1868-69) and a call from farmers for the opening up of lands for farming, surveys began on the Peninsula. The third schedule of the Act established the survey of the peninsula to begin in Area no. 5 -Troubridge. In 1869 the Hundred of Melville was surveyed, pastoral leases were resumed and the land marked up into blocks. The locations for towns were surveyed, the guiding principal being a town every 10 miles but also depending on a number of conditions, such as availability of water. Once suitable locations were decided upon a town plan was sent from the Surveyor-General in Adelaide, and applied to the local conditions. The plans were always of the traditional grid pattern, with a surrounding belt of parkland as had been used by Colonel William Light when he designed Adelaide.

County Fergusson is the southern end of Yorke Peninsula and is approximately 4828 square kilometres. It was named after Governor Sir James Fergusson. The foot of the misshapen leg of the Peninsula contains many salt lagoons, which are clearly depicted on this map. The layout of the newly surveyed towns is also evident: Edithburgh, Wool Bay, Stansbury and Minlaton on the southern sheet, and Maitland, Port Victoria, Koolywurtie and Curramulka on the northern sheet all show the typical grid pattern with parkland belt, adapted to the local terrain.

The toe of the peninsula had not been sub-divided at the time this map was produced.

Coverage year : 1876
Region : Yorke Peninsula
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