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Goolwa tramway
Title : Goolwa tramway Goolwa tramway
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Creator : Government Photolithographer, photographer
Date of creation : ca. 1860
Format : Photograph
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Goolwa to Port Elliot tramway, for names of passengers. Standing on the left with reins, Hillman, driver; standing on right Thomas Goode; J.P. Merot, Mayor of Goolwa; standing on the step in front T. Jones, traffic manager; on front seat in white trousers T. Taylor, customs officer at Goolwa. [The Post and Telegraph office, built in 1857, is visible behind the carriage.]

The Goolwa-Port Elliot railway was the first railway in South Australia, although it was horse-drawn not steam. It was only seven miles long. The railway was officially finished on 18 May 1854, and in 1864 was extended to Victor Harbor, after it was decided that the Port Elliot anchorage was dangerous. 

The railway had been first proposed in 1849. The successful navigation of the river by William Randell and Francis Cadell in 1853 gave urgency to the project, and despite labour and materials shortages, the line went ahead and was finished in May 1854. Goods from properties along the river could now be off-loaded at Goolwa, transported by rail to Port Elliot, later to Victor Harbor, and shipped to the world.

The line was finally converted to steam in 1885.

Coverage year : ca. 1854
Place : Goolwa
Region : Fleurieu Peninsula
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