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Adelaide Mosque
Title : Adelaide Mosque Adelaide Mosque
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Creator : State Library of South Australia, photographer
Date of creation : 2005
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 152 x 102 mm
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

Islam was introduced to Australia in the 1860s with the arrival of the first cameleers, brought to Australia to handle recently introduced camel teams. Thomas Elder brought 124 camels and 31 handlers to South Australia in 1865, establishing a stud at Beltana. The handlers came to be known collectively as 'Afghans' (or 'Syrians') although they were actually from various countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran.

The Adelaide mosque was built in 1888, and is the oldest mosque in Australia, although an older one existed at Hergott Springs (Marree). The Adelaide mosque's original four minarets were added in 1903. Muslims from as far away as Broken Hill and Kalgoorlie gathered at least once a year at the Adelaide mosque, usually for the Fast of Ramadan. In 1890 it was reported that 80 Afghans were present to observe this important festival. (Adelaide observer, 2 August 1890, p. 29)

A second mosque was built on Marion Road at Parkholme in 2009.

Related names :

Elder, Thomas, Sir, 1818-1897

Adelaide Mosque

Coverage year : 2005
Place : Adelaide (S. Aust.); Little Gilbert Street (Adelaide, S. Aust.)
Further reading :
Adelaide Mosque, address: 20 Little Gilbert Street, Adelaide , [Adelaide: History Trust of South Australia, 2006]
Digirolamo, Rebecca. 'Adelaide Mosque's third minaret damaged', City messenger, 7 June 2000, p. 7
Jolly, Bridget. Historic south west corner, Adelaide South Australia, Adelaide: Corporation of the City of Adelaide, 2003
Mellor, Leonie. 'Muslims want to pull down old city mosque as minarets start crumbling', City messenger, 15 April, 1998, p. 7
'Mohammaden festival', Adelaide observer, 2 August 1890, p. 29
'Mosque on way', Guardian messenger, 2 December 2009, p. 10
Stevens, Christine. Tin mosques and ghantowns: a history of Afghan cameldrivers in Australia, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1989
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