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City Mill
Title : City Mill City Mill
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Creator : Nixon, Frederick Robert, d.1860
Source : B 9483/13
Date of creation : 1846
Additional Creator : Nixon, Frederick Robert, d.1860
Format : Artwork
Contributor : State Library catalogue
Catalogue record
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Description :

The City Mill, Adelaide. Reproduction of a sketch by Nixon called 'The City Mill, from the south with Phillips' Mill in the distance'. Site uncertain, either in Wright Street (acre 464) or in West Terrace, near cemetery. Phillips and DeHorne's Mill was on West Terrace, acre 186, north corner of Waymouth Street.

According to the 'Statistics of South Australia' reported in the Southern Australian, 28 March 1843, p. 2, col. c , the City Mill was situated in South Adelaide, at the south-west corner, opposite the public (West Terrace) cemetery, and was;

'30 feet high in the walls and 8 feet in the head; its diameter at the bottom is 22 feet 8 inches, and the top 13 feet 4 inches, and the building is octagonal shaped. The mill was erected by Mr Job Malin. It was finished in August, 1842 ,and has been and has been in constant work ever since... The whole building is composed of a very substantial native timber, as follows:-The uprights are of white gum; the weatherboards are of stringy bark; the girders are of red gum; the wheels and other machinery are of red gum and peppermint, or box tree, the cogs being all made of peppermint, on account fo the fine polish it takes, and of its possessing a natural oil.'

The architects for the mill were Messrs Godley and Bliss. The cost to use the mill for grinding was one shilling per bushel. The mill was sold to Messrs Stevens, Phillips and De Horne who, according to the report, planned to construct another 20-horse power steam mill somewhere within the city, in the near future.

Related names :

Nixon, Frederick Robert, d.1860

Messrs Godley and Bliss (architects)

Messrs Stevens, Phillips and De Horne (mill proprieters)

Malin, Job Gould


Coverage year : 1846
Period : 1836-1851
Place : Adelaide, South Australia
Region : Adelaide city
Further reading :

Brief information about Adelaide's earliest mills/ compiled by Julie Evans. [Adelaide : J. Evans], 2004

John Gould Malin Southern Australian, 28 March 1843, p. 2, col. c

Page, Michael F. Sculptors in space: South Australian architects 1836-1986 [Adelaide, S. Aust.]: Royal Australian Institute of Architects (South Australian Chapter), 1986

Heritage of the city of Adelaide: an illustrated guide edited by Susan Marsden, Paul Stark and Patricia Sumerling Adelaide: Corporation of the City of Adelaide, 1990

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