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07. Alice Springs train
Title : 07. Alice Springs train 07. Alice Springs train
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Creator : Mountford, Charles P., photographer
Date of creation : 1938
Format : Photograph
Dimensions : 60 x 60 mm
Contributor : State Library of South Australia
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Description :

Alice Springs train stopped to take on water.

The laying of the central railway line began in Port Augusta in 1878 and had reached Alice Springs by 1929. The narrow-gauge track passed through Quorn, the Flinders Ranges, Marree and Oodnadatta on its way to the centre.

Originally dubbed the Afghan express because of the large number of 'Afghan' camel herders in northern South Australia, the train service soon became known as the Ghan. (Although these 'Afghans' actually came from a number of different countries, including modern day Egypt, Pakistan, Iran and Turkey, they were referred to by South Australian authorities collectively as Afghans because of their non-Anglo Saxon appearance, way of dress and belief in Islam.)

In 1980 the line was replaced by a new standard-gauge track that ran north via Tarcoola and in 2002 the South Australian State Government launched a heritage trail to commemorate and preserve the abandoned 'Old Ghan' line.
Coverage year : 1938
Region : Flinders Ranges and Far North - Outback
Further reading :
Connell, Gordon. The mystery of Ludwig Leichhardt. Carlton, Vic. : Melbourne University Press, 1980

Lamshed, Max. 'Monty' : the biography of C.P. Mountford, Adelaide : Rigby, 1972, pp. 56-60

Mountford, Charles P. 'Papers relating to the South Australian Government Expedition to search for the remains of explorer Ludwig Leichhardt', PRG 1218/9

Newell, Brian R. Following the Old Ghan railway line 1878-1980, Aldinga Beach, S. Aust. : Brian, R. Newell, 2000

Price, A. Grenfell. The Mystery of Leichhardt : the South Australian government expedition of 1938, South Australia : Royal Geographical Society, 1937-38

Roderick, Colin. Leichhardt, the dauntless explorer, North Ryde, N.S.W. : Angus & Robertson, 1988

Stewien, Ronald. A history of the South Australian Railways. Volume 1, The early years / 1st ed. Melbourne : Australian Railway Historical Society, Victorian Division, 2007
Internet links :
Australian Dictionary of Biography - Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt

Flinders Ranges Research. South Australian railway history

National Museum of Australia. Leichhardt: the man, the mystery, the science, the history [symposium held in 2007]



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