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SA Memory. South Australia past and present, for the future

Radical Dream Timeline

1827  Edward Gibbon Wakefield sentenced to three years in gaol. Plans model colony. 
1836  Governor Hindmarsh reads Proclamation announcing the establishment of Provincial Government. 
1838  First Lutheran service in Australia held at Port Adelaide. 
1838  South Australian Police force created - first in Australia. 
1839  Catherine Helen Spence arrives in South Australia aged 14. 
1840  City of Adelaide is the first elected town council in Australia. 
1844  First Australian colony to accept evidence from Aborigines in courts of law. 
1851  First colony in the British Empire to end state aid to religion. 
1856  South Australian Constitution Act establishes self government in the Province, the first in Australia to provide for manhood suffrage. 
1856  First Australian colony to reject plural voting (more than one vote) in upper and lower house elections. 
1856  First Australian colony to introduce male adult suffrage for parliamentary elections. 
1858  The Real Property Act introduced a new method of registering the ownership of land, the Torrens Title, which was subsequently copied internationally. 
1876  First territory of the British Empire, outside of Britain, to legalize trade unions. 
1876  Women property owners gain the right to vote in District Councils. 
1879  The Advanced School for Girls opened. first secondary school for girls in Australia. 
1881  The University of Adelaide first in Australia to admit women to degrees. 
1881  South Australian Public Trustee Office created, first in Australia. 
1888  Women's Suffrage League established. 
1889  Working Women's Trade Union established. 
1890  The first juvenile court in Australia established in Adelaide. 
1891  United Labor Party formed, the first 'labour party' in Australia. 
1895  First Australian Colony to grant women the vote, following the gaining of Royal Assent to the Constitution Amendment Act 1894. 
1895  First government in the world to allow women to stand for parliament. 
1895  Auguste Zadow appointed first female factory inspector in South Australia. 
1895  Catherine Helen Spence appointed to Commission of Enquiry into the Adelaide Hospital - first woman in Australia to participate in a government commission. 
1897  Catherine Helen Spence stands for election to the Constitutional Convention for Federation, first woman political candidate in Australia. 
1897  Blanche McNamara appointed Inspector of Schools, first woman School Inspector in Australia. 
1905  Sense about sex by a woman doctor' (Dr Rosamund Taylor) published in Adelaide. 
1909  Women's Non-Party Political Association (forerunner of League of Woman Voters) formed. 
1910  Verran government World's first all Labor Ministry. 
1915  Kate Cocks and Annie Ross appointed first women police, the first women in the British Empire appointed on equal terms with male officers. 
1919  Susan Benny elected to Brighton Council, the first woman to enter local government in Australia. 
1920  Archives Department of the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery opened, the first public archives in Australia. 
1927  Winifred Kiek the first woman ordained into the Christian ministry in Australia. 
1929  David Unaipon's booklet Native Legends the first Australian publication by an indigenous Australian author. 
1936  The South Australian Housing Trust founded, the first public housing authority in Australia. 
1939  'The silver wing and other poems' by Ellinor Walker published. 
1965  Gladys Elphick, Maude Tongerie and Lowitja O'Donaghue found the Aboriginal Women's Council. 
1965  State Industrial Court decision to implement of equal pay for female teachers. 
1965  Roma Mitchell appointed to Supreme Court of South Australia, first woman appointed to a superior court. 
1966  The Prohibition of Discrimination Act prohibiting racial discrimination assented to, first in Australia. 
1966  The Aboriginal Lands Trust Act passed to provide for Aboriginal people to hold title to existing Aboriginal Reserves, first in Australia. 
1970  First Australian State to legalize abortion in certain circumstances under the provisions of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act Amendment Act 1969
1972  Women's Electoral Lobby formed. 
1975  The legal consequences of illegitimacy were abolished by the Family Relationships Act 1975; first state government to do so. 
1975  First Australian State to decriminalize homosexual relations between consenting male adults in private. 
1976  Sir Douglas Nicholls appointed South Australian Governor, first Aboriginal Governor in Australia. 
1976  Racial Discrimination Act makes discrimination on the grounds of race unlawful. 
1976  Rape in marriage made a criminal offence, first in the English-speaking world. 
1976  Government establishes Women's Advisors Office in Premier's Department, first state government to do so. 
1976  Women's Information Switchboard established. 
1976  The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 was proclaimed, making discrimination on the grounds of sex or marital status in employment, education, accommodation and the provision of goods and services  unlawful; the first such Act in Australia. 
1976  The Pitjantjatjara Land Rights Act grants the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjarra People title to 100,000 square kilometres of their traditional lands. 
1980  Robin Millhouse introduces a bill for an Act to give effect to the recommendations of the select Committee of Inquiry into Prostitution. 
1986  South Australian Senator Janine Haines elected leader of the Australian Democrats, first woman to lead a political party in the Federal Parliament. 
1986  Prostitutes Association of South Australia (PASA) formed. 
1991  First Australian state to make discrimination based on age unlawful. 
1991  Dame Roma Mitchell appointed Governor, first woman Governor of an Australian state. 



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